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In addition to the above, these (and other) things also happened on January 16:
- In 1547, Ivan the Terrible was crowned as the first tsar of Russia.
- In 1780, English Admiral Sir George Brydges Rodney defeated Spanish Admiral Don Juan de Langara off the coast of Cape St. Vincent, thus relieving Gibraltar.
- In 1883, the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed by the U.S. Congress.
- In 1909, British explorer Ernest Shackleton reached the area of the magnetic south pole, but failed to reach his exact destination.
- In 1919, as the 36th, 37th, and 38th states to do so, Nebraska, Wyoming and Missouri ratified prohibition, which went into effect the same day the following year as Amendment XVIII, the only Amendment to the U.S. Constitution to be repealed (and rightly so!).
- In 1925, Leon Trotsky was dismissed from his post as chairman of the Russian Revolution Military Council.
- In 1939, Superman debuted as a daily comic strip, which went on until 1966.
- In 1957, the Cavern Club opens its doors in Liverpool, England, as a jazz club, which will gradually shift style and eventually introduce the Beatles.
- In 1991, Operation Desert Storm was launched to expel Iraq from Kuwait. (Due to the difference in time zones, it was already early morning the next day in the Persian Gulf when the air strikes began, as U.S. President George Bush told the nation that "the battle has been joined".
- In 1992, leaders of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) and the government of El Salvador signed the peace accords brokered by the United Nations, ending twelve years of civil war.
- In 1994, the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC)'s armed wing Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA) in South Africa announced that it would suspended its armed struggle against F.W. de Klerk's government, pending amnesty negotiations regarding APLA members.
And these people were also born:
- 1874: Robert Service, poet and novelist, was born in Preston, Lancashire, England
- 1928: Author William Kennedy was born in North Albany, New York, U.S.
- 1930: Author and editor Norman Podhoretz was born in Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
- 1935: Racecar driver A.J. Foyt was born in Houston, Texas, U.S.
- 1942: Singer Barbara Lynn was born in Beaumont, Texas, U.S.
- 1944: Country singer and comedian Jim Stafford was born in Eloise, Florida, U.S.
- 1946: Country singer Ronnie Milsap was born in Robbinsville, North Carolina, U.S.
- 1948: Movie director John Carpenter was born in Bowling Green, Kentucky, U.S.
- 1950: Actress, dancer and choreographer Debbie Allen was born in Houston, Texas, U.S.
- 1962: Musician Paul Webb of Talk Talk was born in Southend, England.
- 1965: R'n'B singer Maxine Jones of En Vogue was born in Patterson, New Jersey, U.S.
- 1968: Actor David Chokachi was born in Plymouth, Massachusetts, U.S.
- 1970: Helen Folasade Adu, more known as Sade, singer, was born in Ibadan, Nigeria.
- 1974: Model Kate Moss was born in Croydon, near London, England. Yum.
- 1979: Singer Aaliyah Haughton was born in Brooklyn, New York, U.S.]
- (1982: Me.)
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After noding the above information, I found it getting a low reputation. I voted up some of GreySoul's World History Calendar nodes, and found that they were similarly ill-credited. This is my only such writeup, but GreySoul's has spent a great amount of work on the World History Calendar nodes and deserves more credit, so come on people. Enough said.