Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, British Prime Minister
during the Second World War
, should not be confused with the American
novelist Winston Churchill. Quite early in their respective careers, the British Churchill shared a meal with the American Churchill.
As the American Churchill was already an established author, the
British Churchill offered to always use his middle initial "S" to avoid confusion.
The British Churchill is said to have commented to the American Churchill that he intended to be Prime Minister of Britain someday and mused about how it would be quite something if the American Churchill happened to be President
of the United States
at the same time.
The British Churchill
What were our reserves?
During the Battle of Britain, Churchill would sometimes visit Fighter Command's Operations Room. Towards the end of one visit during which Churchill witnessed a particularily intense day of fighting, Churchill is said to have asked one of the officers in charge 'what were our reserves?'. Churchill was apparently somewhat taken aback by the response - 'none'.
The "Iron Curtain"
On March 5, 1946, Winston S. Churchill presented a speech titled Sinews of Peace at
Westminster College, Fulton, Missouri.
In this speech, Churchill introduced (i.e. invented) the term "iron curtain".
The relevant sentence from the speech is
From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.
Although Winston S. Churchill published many quite well known if not downright famous works of non-fiction he published but one novel, Savrola, in 1899.
Books by Winston S. Churchill
The date of first publication or copyright date appears in parentheses before each title.
(1948-1953) History of the Second World War - WSC's
monumental history of World War II. Since it is written from his
perspective (and what a perspective it is!), the focus is
almost entirely on the European theatre.
About 5,000 pages spread over five volumes.
This is an absolute must read for any WWII history buff!
(194?) The Sinews of Peace - first of his post-war speeches
(194?) Painting as Pastime - first volume publication of WSC's famous essay about his hobby (first appeared in "The Strand" in 1921).
(194?) Europe Unite - 1947-48 speeches
(195?) In the Balance - 1949-50 speeches
(195?) Stemming the Tide - 1951-52 speeches
(1956) History of the English-Speaking Peoples - masterful four volume history of England and America
(195?) The Unwritten Alliance - 1943-59 speeches
Sources: all over the place (including dusty corners of my brain); a major source for the list of books was an
inventory list of Churchill related books found at http://www.churchillbooks.com/flatfile.shtml (last accessed 2002/09/28)
- (1897) The Story of the Malakand Field Force
- (1899) The River War: An Historical Account of the Reconquest of the Soudan
- (1899) Savrola (fiction)
- (1899) London to Ladysmith
- (1906) Lord Randolph Churchill - a biography of
- (1908) My African Journey - his only travelogue.
- (19??) Liberalism and the Social Problem - an early collection of speeches.
- (1911?) The People's Rights - collection of speeches from the 1911 general election.
- (1903) Mr. Broderick's Army
- (19??) Free Trade
- (1923-29) The World Crisis - comprehensive history of the period from 1911 to 1928. Five volumes in six parts, 2500+ pages.
- (1930) My Early Life / A Roving Commission
- (1931) The Eastern Front
- (19??) India - WSC's speeches on India
- (1932) Thoughts and Adventures / Amid These Storms
- (1933-38) Life of Marlborough - WSC's definitive history of his ancestor, John Churchill, who became the first Duke of Marlborough
- (1937) Great Contemporaries - essays on the great
figures of his time. Considered to be one of his better books.
- (194?) Arms and the Covenant - WSC's speeches from 1932 through to Munich
- (194?) Step by Step 1936-1939 - companion volume to Arms and the Covenant
- (1941-46) The War Speeches - published as seven volumes
- (194?) Into Battle / Blood Sweat and Tears - "Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat" to his homecoming at Harrow School
- (194?) The Unrelenting Struggle - November 14, 1940 to the end of 1941. Includes his first speech to the U.S. Congress "Some Chicken, Some Neck" (speech to Canadian Parliament)
- (194?) The End of the Beginning - 1942 (roughly)
- (194?) Onwards to Victory - 1943 (roughly)
- (194?) The Dawn of Liberation - speeches leading up to D-day
- (194?) Victory - the events leading to final victory
- (194?) Secret Session Speeches - speeches delivered during closed door sessions of the House of Commons during the war
The American Churchill
Winston Churchill was born in St. Louis, Mo in 1871.
He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1894, resigned from the
Navy and then married Mabel Harlakenden Hall in 1895.
He was elected to the New Hampshire legislature in 1902.
After running unsuccessfully for Governor of New Hampshire in 1912, he withdrew from the political arena (he may have also run for Governor in 1906).
At the height of his career (about 1918), a personal crisis resulted in his withdrawal from public life.
The next twenty years were spent in isolation and personal reflection.
He wrote a number of books including
He was an accomplished author with many bestselling books.
Certainly in the early stages of his career when he was possibly the most popular author in the U.S., there was little doubt in the U.S. who Winston Churchill was (and he wasn't British).
- The Celebrity (1898,novel)
- Richard Carvel (1899,novel)
- The Crisis (1901,novel)
- The Crossing (1904,novel)
- Coniston (1906,novel)
- Mr. Crewe's Career (1908,novel)
- A Modern Chronicle (1910,novel) (available online at http://wwwfac.mcdaniel.edu/History/mc.html (last accessed 2002/10/16))
- The Inside of the Cup (1913,novel)
- A Far Country (1915,novel)
- The Dwelling-Place of Light (1917,novel)
- The Uncharted Way (1940,reflection on religion)
One of the articles that he wrote was called Modern Government and Christianity
and was published in the January, 1912 issue of Atlantic Monthly
(the article is available at http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/12jan/churchillchr.htm (last accessed 2002/10/15))
Winston Churchill passed away on March 12, 1947 in Winter Park, Florida.
Robert W. Schneider has written a biography of Winston Churchill titled Novelist to a Generation: The Life and Thought of Winston Churchill, 1976.
The author of this w/u learned of the existence of the American Churchill by buying one of his books on eBay (he was quite pleasantly surprised to discover that he'd purchased something distinctly different than what he had thought he was purchasing - a book by the British Churchill).
- the web page titled About Winston Churchill located at http://wwwfac.mcdaniel.edu/History/churchill.html (last accessed 2002/10/16)
- the web page titled Winston Churchill located at
http://www.nndb.com/people/735/000048591/ (last accessed 2005/01/07)