In most recent versions of Windows
(notably Windows 2000
), the BSOD
is caused by faulty drivers
, rather than faults in shipped kernel space
. Anything that chokes and dies inside of Windows NT Kernel Mode
will cause the BSOD. Unfortunately in Windows 9x
, the kernel mode was a lot less protected, and things could quite easily muck with kernel space.
That is why a WinNuke
would blue-screen you. Your network stack
runs (for performance and kernel construction reasons), inside of kernel space. If you overflowed that, it would throw a BSOD and report the faulty module
Similar to this is a Unix Kernel Panic, where the kernel cannot recover from such errors. Keep as much out of your kernel as humanly possible, for those reasons alone.