Plagiarism police: I am not the author of what follows! Not because I wish to distance myself from the content, you see, it's just that I didn't write it. It is from the newsgroup alt.folklore.urban (as archived at

I did do the formatting, though. And the softlinks.

From: (Clay Shirky)
Newsgroups: alt.folklore.urban
Subject: Ode to Lutefisk (Long)
Date: Sun, 04 Dec 1994 09:11:19 -0500

It is my wont when travelling to forgo the touristic in favor of the real, to persuade my kind hosts, whoever they may be, that an evening in the local, imbibing pints of whatever the natives use as intoxicants, would be more interesting than another espresso in another place called Cafe Opera. Chiefest among my interests is the Favorite Dish: the plate, cup, or bowl of whatever stuff my hosts consider most representative of the region's virtues. As I just finished a week's work in Oslo, this dish was of course lutefisk.

(snd f/x: organ music in minor key - cresc. and out.)

The Norwegians are remarkably single-minded in their attachment to the stuff. Every one of them would launch themselves into a hydrophobic frenzy of praise on the mere mention of the word. Though these panegyrics were as varied as they were fulsome, they shared one element in common. Every testimonial to the recondite deliciousness of cod soaked in lye ended with the phrase "...but I only eat it once a year."

When I pressed my hosts as to why they would voluntarily forswear what was by all accounts the tastiest fish dish since pussy 364 days a year, each of them said "Oh, you can't eat lutefisk more than once a year." (Their unanimity on this particular point carried with it the same finality as the answers you get when casually asking a Scientologist about L. Ron's untimely demise.)

Despite my misgivings from these interlocutions however, there was nothing for it but to actually try the stuff, as it was clearly the local delicacy. A plan was hatched whereby my hosts and I would distill ourselves to a nearby brasserie, and I would order something tame like reindeer steak, and they would order lutefisk. The portions at this particular establishment were large, they assured me, and when I discovered for myself how scrumptious jellied fish tasted, I could have an adequate amount from each of their plates to satiate my taste for this new-found treat.

Ah, but the best laid plans... My hostess, clearly feeling in a holiday mood (and perhaps further cheered by my imminent departure as their house guest) proceeded to order lutefisks all round.

"But I was going to order reinde..."

"Nonononono," she said, "you must have your own lutefisk. It would be rude to bring you to Norway and not give you your own lutefisk."

My mumbled suggestion that I had never been one to stand on formality went unnoticed, and moments later, somewhere in the kitchen, there was a lutefisk with my name on it.

The waitress, having conveyed this order to the chef, returned with a bottle and three shot glasses and spent some time interrogating my host. He laughed as she left, and I asked what she said.

"Oh, she said 'Is the American really going to eat lutefisk?' and when I told her you were, she said that it takes some time to get used to it."

"How long?" I asked.

"Well, she said a couple of years," replied my host.

In the meantime, my hostess was busily decanting a clear liquid into the shot glass and passing it my way. When I learned that it was aquavit, I demurred, as I intended to get some writing done on the train.

"Oh no," said my hostess, donning the smile polite people use when giving an order, "you must have aquavit with lutefisk."

To understand the relationship between aquavit and lutefisk, here's an experiment you can do at home. In addition to aquavit, you will need a slice of lemon, a cracker, a dishtowel, ketchup, a piece of lettuce, some caviar, and a Kit-Kat candy bar.

  1. Take a shot of aquavit.
  2. Take two. (They're small.)
  3. Put a bit of caviar on a bit of lettuce.
  4. Put the lettuce on a cracker.
  5. Squeeze some lemon juice on the caviar.
  6. Pour some ketchup on the Kit-Kat bar.
  7. Tie the dishtowel around your eyes.

If you can taste the difference between caviar on a cracker and ketchup on a Kit-Kat while blindfolded, you have not yet had enough aquavit to be ready for lutefisk. Return to step one.

The first real sign of trouble was when a plate arrived and was set in front of my host, sitting to my left. It contained a collection of dark and aromatic foodstuffs of a variety of textures. Having steeled myself for an encounter with a pale jelly, I was puzzled at its appearance, and I leaned over to get a better look.

"Oh," said my host, "that's not lutefisk. I changed my mind and ordered the Juletid plate. It's pork and sausages."

"But you're leaving for New York tomorrow, so tonight is your last chance to have lutefisk this year," I pointed out.

"Oh well," he said, tucking into what looked like a very tasty pork chop.

Shortly thereafter the two remaining plates arrived, each containing the lutefisk itself, boiled potatoes, and a mash of peas from which all the color had been expertly tortured. There was also a garnish of a slice of cucumber, a wedge of lemon, and a sliver of red pepper.

"This is bullshit!" said my hostess, snatching the garnish off her plate.

"What's wrong," I asked, "not enough lemon?"

"No, a plate of lutefisk should be totally gray!"

Indeed, with the removal of the garnish, it was totally gray, and waiting for me to dig in. There being no time like the present, I tore a forkful away from the cod carcass and lifted it to my mouth.

"Wait," said my host, "you can't eat it like that!"

"OK," I said, "how should I eat it?"

"Mash up your potatoes, and then mix a bit of lutefisk in, and then add some bacon," he said, handing me a tureen filled to the brim with bacon bits floating in fat.

I began to strain some of the bits out of the tureen. "No, not like that, like this," he said, snatching up the tureen and pouring three fingers of pure bacon grease directly over the beige mush I had made from the potatoes and lutefisk already on my plate.

"Now can I eat it?"

"No, not yet, you have to mix in the mustard."

"And the pepper," added my hostess, "you have to have lutefisk with lots and lots of pepper. And then you have to eat it right away, because if it gets cold it's horrible."

They proceeded to add pepper and mustard in amounts I felt were more appropriate to ingredients rather than flavors, but no matter. At this point what I had was an undercooked hash brown with mustard on it, flavored with a little bit of lutefisk. "How bad could it be?" I thought to myself as I lifted my fork to my mouth.

The moment every traveller lives for is the native dinner where, throwing caution to the wind and plunging into a local delicacy which ought by rights to be disgusting, one discovers that it is not only delicious but that it also contradicts a previously held prejudice about food, that it expands one's culinary horizons to include surprising new smells, tastes, and textures.

Lutefisk is not such a dish.

Lutefisk is instead pretty much what you'd expect of jellied cod; it is a foul and oderiferous goo, whose gelatinous texture and rancid oily taste are locked in spirited competition to see which can be the more responsible for rendering the whole completely inedible.

How to describe that first bite? It's a bit like describing passing a kidney stone to the uninitiated. If you are talking to someone else who has lived through the experience, a nod will suffice to acknowledge your shared pain, but to explain it to the person who has not been there, mere words seem inadequate to the task. So it is with lutefisk. One could bandy about the time honored phrases like "nauseating sordid gunk", "unimaginably horrific", "lasting psychological damage", but these seem hollow when applied to the task at hand. I will have to resort to a recipe for a kind of metaphorical lutefisk, to describe the experience. Take marshmallows made without sugar, blend them together with overcooked Japanese noodles, and then bathe the whole liberally in acetone. Let it marinate in cod liver oil for several days at room temperature. When it has achieved the appropriate consistency (though the word "appropriate" is somewhat problematic here), heat it to just above lukewarm, sprinkle in thousands of tiny, sharp, invisible fish bones, and serve.

The waitress, returning to clear our plates, surveyed the half-eaten goo I had left.

She nodded conspiratorially at me, said something to my host, and left.

"What'd she say?" I asked.

"Oh, she said 'I never eat lutefisk either. It tastes like python.'"

Clay "I think my mistake was in using the dishtowel: you need to drink enough aquavit so you can't tell the difference between caviar on a cracker and ketchup on a Kit-Kat with your eyes open" Shirky

Actually, it's not as bad as it sounds, and it's definitely an authentic Scandinavian food. Swedes eat it around Christmas time, so I hear. I had the honor of preparing it for a holiday party once. If anyone is interested, here is a recipe. Different families prepare it different ways, but this one comes to us courtesy of my girlfriend's grandmother, who is Swedish. Authenticity Guaranteed.

First of all, lutefisk may not be available in your area. There's a small import store, "Cheese N Stuff", here in Phoenix, which carries it in the winter. It came in a 1.5 pound block in a bag, frozen. The following instructions are deceptively simple. Allocate 2 hours for preparing it, after the soaking part, that is.

  1. Put the lutefisk in the sink in a bowl. Run water over it for at least 48 hours to rinse away all the lye. Some lutefisk purports to come "pre-soaked", but I'd rather not risk my life on advertising buzzwords. If you were to eat lutefisk straight out of the package, with no soaking, you could die.
  2. Pour out the excess water from the bowl. Begin tearing the fish flesh away from the horrible rubbery skin. Remove any and all bones. Yes, it's supposed to look like that. Yes, you will have to throw away what looks like a substantial amount of fish that simply won't come off the skin. Someone suggested I should use a knife, but I doubt I would still be alive today if I had followed that advice.
  3. If you have a pile of what looks vaguely like grapefruit pulp in the bowl, and crap all over your hands, arms, front, and kitchen counter and floor, you're done. Throw the skin away, unless you want to use it for practical jokes -- in which case, may God have mercy on your soul.
  4. Peel and cube six or seven potatoes. The number of potatoes can be adjusted to fit the number of people you plan to serve.
  5. Put the potatoes in the bottom of a greased baking pan. Spread the lutefisk on top, using a rubber spatula.
  6. Add about half a cup of water to the pan.
  7. Bake at 350, 400 F for about an hour. Check it occasionally to make sure the potatoes aren't scorching.

Serve with white sauce and top with allspice. When I finally got around to trying it, I couldn't actually taste it, having wallowed in shredded fish for hours already that afternoon.

Of course, there are many ways to make lutefisk, and this is only one. In case you were wondering, lut is Svenska for "lye", and fisk means "fish" (the spelling "lutefisk" is Norwegian, the actual Swedish spelling would be "lutfisk"). God Jul!

The origin of lutefisk is lost to the mists of time. One thing we know for certain is this:

Someone really really disliked the Vikings and tried to poison them.

The story goes thus:
The Vikings invaded Sweden/Ireland, which made the locals very upset. Either that, or someone, somewhere, somehow managed to capture some Vikings and held them prisoner (a likely story).

In any event, the locals, wanting to rid themselves of the noisome guests/prisoners/invaders, poisoned the dried cod stocks with lye. The nasty stuff was cooked and served up to the Vikings ...

... who ate it and liked it. Or at least it didn't kill them. Which for Scandinavian cuisine is much the same.

So there you have it, the story of lutefisk. I myself have never had the good fortune to eat of this lovely dish, but I am sure that it as ambrosia of the gods.

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