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KANJI: KIN KON chika (near, early, akin, tantamount)

ASCII Art Representation:

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Character Etymology:

The radicals for movement and ax (at right), here used phonetically to express the idea of shortness or brevity although it may also lend an idea of to chop or make small (simular to how the phrase, "chop-chop," is used). Thus short movement, or more simply near.

A Listing of All On-Yomi and Kun-Yomi Readings:

on-yomi: KIN KON
kun-yomi: chika(i)

Nanori Readings:

Nanori: ou oo kono

English Definitions:

  1. KIN, chika(i): early, immediate; near, short (road), close by; akin to; nearby, on the verge of, tantamount to; intimate, friendly.
  2. chika(zuku): approach, get acquanted with, associate with.
  3. chika(zukeru): allow to approach,associate with.
  4. chika(zuki): [acquaintance, friendship.
  5. chika(ku): before long; nearby, neighborhood, vicinity; approximately.
  6. chika(shii): intimate, friendly.

Character Index Numbers:

New Nelson: 6021
Henshall: 103

Unicode Encoded Version:

Unicode Encoded Compound Examples:

(kinrai): recently.
近所 (kinjo): neighborhood.
近道 (chikamichi): a shortcut.


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Near (?), adv. [AS. near, compar. of neah nigh. See Nigh.]


At a little distance, in place, time, manner, or degree; not remote; nigh.

My wife! my traitress! let her not come near me. Milton.


Nearly; almost; well-nigh.

"Near twenty years ago." Shak. "Near a fortnight ago." Addison.

Near about the yearly value of the land. Locke.


Closely; intimately.


Far and near, at a distance and close by; throughout a whole region. -- To come near to, to want but little of; to approximate to. "Such a sum he found would go near to ruin him."


-- Near the wind Naut., close to the wind; closehauled.


© Webster 1913.

Near (?), a. [Compar. Nearer (?); superl. Nearest.] [See Near, adv.]


Not far distant in time, place, or degree; not remote; close at hand; adjacent; neighboring; nigh.

"As one near death."


He served great Hector, and was ever near, Not with his trumpet only, but his spear. Dryden.


Closely connected or related.

She is thy father's near kinswoman. Lev. xviii. 12.


Close to one's interests, affection, etc.; touching, or affecting intimately; intimate; dear; as, a near friend.


Close to anything followed or imitated; not free, loose, or rambling; as, a version near to the original.


So as barely to avoid or pass injury or loss; close; narrow; as, a near escape.


Next to the driver, when he is on foot; in the United States, on the left of an animal or a team; as, the near ox; the near leg. See Off side, under Off, a.


Immediate; direct; close; short.

"The nearest way."



Close-fisted; parsimonious.

[Obs. or Low, Eng.]

Near may properly be followed by to before the thing approached'; but more frequently to is omitted, and the adjective or the adverb is regarded as a preposition. The same is also true of the word nigh.

Syn. -- Nigh; close; adjacent; proximate; contiguous; present; ready; intimate; dear.


© Webster 1913.

Near, prep.

Adjacent to; close by; not far from; nigh; as, the ship sailed near the land. See the Note under near, a.


© Webster 1913.

Near, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Neared (?); p. pr. & vb. n Nearing.] [See Near, adv.]

To approach; to come nearer; as, the ship neared the land.


© Webster 1913.

Near, v. i.

To draw near; to approach.

A speck, a mist, a shape, I wist! And still it neared, and neared. Coleridge.


© Webster 1913.

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