This New Orleans favorite is delicious, and a real pain in the ass to make. I typically take two days to prepare it, one day to clean the heads and make the stuffing, the second for the actual bisque. A fundamental part of the recipe is the stuffed crawfish "heads" that are served with the soup. The recipe below is from my friend Chuck Taggart, and is used by permission. It's been divided into two parts, bisque and stuffed crawfish.
- 20 pounds live crawfish
- 4 packets Zatarain's Crab, Shrimp and Crawfish Boil seasoning
- 3 lemons, quartered
- 6 tablespoons butter
- 1/2 cup peanut oil
- 1 cup flour
- 2 large onions, finely minced
- 1 large bell pepper, finely minced
- 3 ribs celery, finely minced
- 4 cloves garlic, finely minced
- 5 cups shellfish stock or water
- 1 tablespoon salt, or to taste
- Freshly ground black pepper, to taste
- 1 tablespoon Creole seasoning
- 2 teaspoons cayenne pepper
- 2 teaspoons thyme
- 1/2 cup chopped green onion tops
- 1/2 cup chopped parsley
- 5 dozen stuffed crawfish heads (see below)
- About 7-1/2 cups cooked Louisiana long-grain white rice
- 1/4 cup oil
- 1/2 cup flour
- 2 medium onions, finely minced
- 1 large bell pepper, finely minced
- 3/4 cup stock or water
- 2 teaspoons salt
- Freshly ground black pepper
- 1-1/2 teaspoons cayenne pepper
- 2 large eggs, well beaten
- 2 cups plain French bread crumbs
- 1/4 cup chopped parsley
- 1/4 cup minced green onions with tops
- 4 tablespoons butter, melted
- 5 dozen cleaned crawfish heads
- Flour for dusting
Stuffed Heads (instructions)
Prepare a large crawfish boiling pot with enough water for boiling the
crawfish; add Zatarain's and lemons and bring to a boil. Drop the
crawfish in live, and boil for 10 minutes. Ice down the boil and let the
crawfish soak in the cold spiced water; the longer you let them soak, the
more seasoning will be absorbed.
Break off the tails. Peel the tails, removing the vein but reserving the
little flap of crawfish meat that's over the vein. Remove the crawfish
fat from the heads (the little yellow glob that's worth its weight in
gold) and reserve in a separate container.
Clean 5 dozen crawfish heads for stuffing. The so-called head
is actually the large red thorax shell. Remove all inside parts,
including the eyes and antennae. What should remain is a little tube with
two open ends and one open side. Be careful; the shell must be scraped
clean on the inside and it can be a bit rough on the fingers. (I'm told
that a beer can opener makes this job easier.) Divide the crawfish fat
and tails evenly, reserving half for the bisque and half for the
Make a roux with the oil and flour. Add onions and bell peppers and cook
until tender, stirring constantly. Mince or grind the remaining
half of the crawfish tails and add to the roux-onion mixture. Add the
remaining crawfish fat and simmer for 15 minutes.
Add stock, salt, peppers, breadcrumbs, eggs, parsley, green onions and
butter. Combine thoroughly, adjusting the consistency with more stock or
more bread crumbs as needed.
Fill each head with stuffing. Roll in flour and bake at 350F for 15
minutes, or fry in hot oil until the stuffing is golden brown.
To prepare the bisque, make a roux with the butter, oil and flour. Cook
over low-medium heat, being careful not to scorch the butter, until the
roux turns light brown. Stir CONSTANTLY. This means constantly,
without stopping for anything. Add the onions, bell pepper, celery and
garlic, and continue to cook, stirring constantly, until the vegetables
are soft and the roux is peanut butter-colored. Remove from heat and
cool, continuing to stir.
Gradually and carefully add the stock or water (stock
preferably) and combine thoroughly, making a nice gravy. Add half of the
crawfish tails and crawfish fat, Creole seasoning, salt and peppers, and
cook over low heat for 15 minutes. If you've got a little leftover
crawfish stuffing, add it to the pot as well, as it adds more body and
Add the baked or sautéed crawfish heads, and cook over low heat for
30 minutes. Add the onion tops and parsley just before serving.
To serve, mound about 3/4 cup rice in large bowl, and divide the bisque
evenly between them. Serve 6 stuffed crawfish heads with each serving.
Don't worry about table manners; you almost have to use your fingers
to get the stuffing out of the heads, and I've seen some folks (like
me) inserting tongue into crawfish head to lick all the stuffing out.
If you want to be more dainty, the tail end of your fork or spoon, or
the end of a butter knife, helps get the stuffing out more easily. Make
sure everyone gets the same number of heads, or fights
will break out; they're that good. I'm told that
tradition requires the empty heads to be placed around the rim of the
bowl, so that some don't get more than others. It's easier to count them
quickly that way.