This block contains a set of Kanbun marks used in Japanese texts to indicate the Japanese reading order of classical Chinese texts. They are not encoded in any current character encoding standards but are widely used in literature. They are typically written in an annotation style to the left of each line of vertically rendered Chinese text.

See also Enclosed CJK Letters and Months and CJK Compatibility.

Kanbun is also the name of a period in Japanese history from 1661 to 1673. The Kanbun era seems to have been a good time for swords and pottery. The period is named for the emperor who reigned then (see Emperors of Japan). The characters used are different, the Kanbun of the marks (U+6F22 U+6587 or 漢文) is Chinese literature while the period's name (U+5bdb U+6587 or 寛文) is broad culture. (Thanks for the help, gn0sis)

Unicode's Kanbun code block reserves the 16 code points from U+3190 to U+319F, of which all 16 are currently assigned.

Hangul Compatibility Jamo <-- Kanbun --> Bopomofo Extended

All the characters in this code block were added in Unicode 1.1

Number of characters in each General Category :

Number, Other  No :  4
Symbol, Other  So : 12

All the characters in this code block are in bidirectional category Left To Right L

The columns below should be interpreted as :

  1. The Unicode code for the character
  2. The character in question
  3. The Unicode name for the character
  4. The Unicode General Category for the character

If the characters below show up poorly, or not at all, see Unicode Support for possible solutions.




U+3190   ㆐   ideographic annotation linking mark So
aka tateten
U+3191   ㆑   ideographic annotation reverse mark So
aka kaeriten re
U+3192   ㆒   ideographic annotation one mark No
U+3193   ㆓   ideographic annotation two mark No
U+3194   ㆔   ideographic annotation three mark No
U+3195   ㆕   ideographic annotation four mark No
U+3196   ㆖   ideographic annotation top mark So
U+3197   ㆗   ideographic annotation middle mark So
U+3198   ㆘   ideographic annotation bottom mark So
U+3199   ㆙   ideographic annotation first mark So
U+319A   ㆚   ideographic annotation second mark So
U+319B   ㆛   ideographic annotation third mark So
U+319C   ㆜   ideographic annotation fourth mark So
U+319D   ㆝   ideographic annotation heaven mark So
U+319E   ㆞   ideographic annotation earth mark So
U+319F   ㆟   ideographic annotation man mark So
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