Jesus was never called "Jesus Christ" while he was alive, according to the NIV translation. Three of the four Gospels name him "Jesus Christ" in their first chapter, but only as part of the introduction. Elsewhere "Jesus" is his name and "Christ" is used separately.

After Jesus' death and resurrection, however, the phrase "Jesus Christ" comes quickly into common use. It can be found in Acts 2:38, 3:6, 4:10, just to name the earliest examples, as well as by Paul throughout his Epistles.

The word "Christ" is a modified Greek translation of the word "Messiah", and when Biblical characters are quoted as using it in the Gospels it's along the lines of "Jesus, who is called the Christ". The non-surname of "Christ" should be considered a title rather than part of his name.

Note: this WU is intended to correct a few people who blame the Romans for the death of Christ. Or the Jewish people as a group for that matter. Neither were truly responsible.

The real opponents of Jesus where the Pharisees, the most important of which were Caiaphas the high priest, and Annas. The Pharisees as listed in Mathew 26:3 were the " . . .chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the temple . . ." It was they who offered Judas Iscariot silver to betray Jesus. They who condemned him and when Pontius Pilate offered to release one prisoner for the festival, it was they who arranged that Barabbas the thief would be released instead of the innocent Christ.

The emnity was mutual. Matthew 23 is one long harangue against the Pharisees, where Christ calls them as hypocrites, in love with power and privilege rather than the poor and downtrodden. And he comes to the temple and overthrows the tables of the moneychangers. To modern ears the story of the moneychangers sounds worse than it actually is. Money in ancient times was often local, and you had to exchange moneys for something the temple could spend before donating. A modest fee was accepted and normal. But these individuals were profiteering, and kicking something back to temple officials. It was this and not the act of moneychanging which drew Jesus's ire.

In Luke we have a very long episode where Jesus is brought before the Roman Governor, Pontius Pilate. In Luke 23:14 Pilate expressly denies Christ's guilt, saying . . . I, having examined this man before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye accuse him." In Luke 23:22 Pilate tries for a third time to appease the mob, and win Christ's release.

Nope, the Romans didn't kill Christ. It was the entrenched leaders of a dogmatic religion. In the scriptures, the Romans are never more than errand boys.

Also known as:


Adam, the Last (1 Corinthians 15:45)
Advocate (1 John 2:1)
All and in All (Colossians 3:11)
Almighty (Revelation 1:8)
Altogether Lovely One (Song of Songs 5:16)
Amen (Revelation 3:14)
Anchor (Hebrews 6:19)
Ancient of Days (Daniel 7:9-11 with Revelation 1:13-16)
Angel (of the Lord) (Genesis 16:9-14; Genesis 48:16)
Anointed, His (Psalm 2:2). See also Messiah.
Apostle of our profession (Hebrews 3:1)
Arm of the Lord (Isaiah 53:1)
Alpha and Omega (Revelation 1:8; Revelation 21:6)


Balm of Gilead (Jeremiah 8:22)
Beginning (Colossians 1:18)
Begotten (Revelation 1:5)
Beloved (Ephesians 1:6)
Bishop of your souls (1 Peter 2:25)
Blessed and only Potentate (1 Timothy 6:15)
Branch (Isaiah 11:1; Jeremiah 23:5; Zechariah 3:8; Zechariah 6:12; Revelation 11:1)
Bread of life (John 6:35)
Bridegroom (Matthew 9:15; John 3:29; Revelation 21:9)
Bright and Morning Star, (Revelation 22:16)


Captain of their salvation (Hebrews 2:12; Joshua 5:4)
Carpenter's son (Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3)
Chiefest among ten thousand (Song of Songs 5:10)
Child, (the young) (Isaiah 9:6; Matthew 2:8-21)
Chosen of God (Luke 23:35)
Christ (Matthew 1:17; Mark 8:29; John 1:41; Romans 1:16; 1 Corinthians 1:23)
Comforter (Isaiah 61:2; John 14:16)
Commander (Isaiah 55:4)

Consolation of Israel (Luke 2:25)
Corn of wheat (John 12:24)
Cornerstone (Ephesians 2:20; see also Isaiah 28:16)
Counsellor (Isaiah 9:6; Isaiah 40:13)
Cover (Isaiah 32:2)
Creator of all things (Colossians 1:16)


Daysman (Job 9:33)
Dayspring from on high (Luke 1:78)
Day Star (2 Peter 1:19). See also Bright and Morning Star.
Deliverer (Romans 11:26)
Desire of all nations (Haggai 2:7)
Door of the sheepfold (John 10:7, 9)


Emmanuel (Matthew 1:23; see also Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 8:8)
End, see Beginning and the End, End of the Law (Romans 10:4)
Express image of His (God's) person (Hebrews 1:3)


Faithful Father of Eternity (Isaiah 9:6)
Fellow of God (Zechariah 13:7)
First and the Last (Revelation 1:17)
First begotten of the dead (Revelation 1:5)
Firstborn/Firstfruits of them that slept (1 Corinthians 15:20, 23)
Foundation (Isaiah 28:16; 1 Corinthians 3:11)
Fountain (Jeremiah 2:13; Zechariah 13:1)
Forerunner (Hebrews 6:20)
Friend of sinners (Matthew 11:19; Luke 7:34)
Fulness of the Godhead (Colossians 2:9)


Gift of God (John 4:10; 2 Corinthians 9:15)
Glory of God (Isaiah 60:1)
God (John 1:1; Matthew 1:23; Romans 9:5; 1 Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 1:8, Titus 2:13)
Good Master (Matthew 19:16)
Governor (Matthew 2:6)
Great High Priest (Hebrews 4:14)
Guide (Psalm 48:14)


Head (even Christ) (Ephesians 4:15)
Heir of all things (Hebrews 1:2)
Helper (Hebrews 13:6)
Hiding Place (Isaiah 32:2)
High Priest (Hebrews 3:1; Hebrews 7:1)
Holy Hope of Israel (Jeremiah 17:3)
Horn of salvation (Psalm 18:2; Luke 1:69)


I AM (John 8:24, 58)
Image of the invisible God (2 Corinthians 4:4; Colossians 1:15)
Intercessor (Hebrews 7:25)


Jehovah (Isaiah 26:4; Jeremiah 40:3; see also Hebrews 1:10)
Jesus (Matthew 1:21)
Judge (Micah 5:1; Acts 10:42)
Just One (Acts 7:52)


King (Zechariah 14:16)
Kinsman (Ruth 2:14)


Lamb (of God) (John 1:29, 36; 1 Peter 1:19; Revelation 5:6, 12; Revelation 7:17)
Last, see First.
Lawgiver (Isaiah 33:22)
Life (1 John 1:2)
Light (John 1:5) Lion of the tribe of Judah (Revelation 5:5)
Lord (1 Corinthians 12:3 ; and lots of others...)
LORD, see Jehovah


Man (John 19:5; Acts 17:31; 1 Timothy 2:5). See also Son of Man.
Master (Matthew 8:19)
Mediator (1 Timothy 2:5, Hebrews 12:24)
Merciful High Priest (Hebrews 2:17)
Messiah (Daniel 9:25; John 1:41; John 4:25)
Mighty God (Isaiah 9:6; Isaiah 63:1)
Minister of the Sanctuary (Hebrews 8:2)


Nazarene (Mark 1:24)


Offering (Ephesians 5:2; Hebrews 10:10)
Offspring of David (Revelation 22:16). See also Root.
Ointment poured forth (Song of Songs 1:3)
Omega. See Alpha and Omega.
Only begotten Son, see Son.


Passover (1 Corinthians 5:7)
Peace, our (Ephesians 2:14)
Physician (Matthew 9:12; Luke 4:23)
Plant of Renown (Ezekiel 34:29)
Potentate, Blessed and only,
Prince Prophet (Acts 3:22-23)
Propitiation (1 John 2:2; Romans 3:25)
Power of God (1 Corinthians 1:24)
Priest (Hebrews 4:14)


Quickening (life-giving) Spirit (1 Corinthians 15:45)


Rabbi (John 3:2; Matthew 26:25; John 20:16)
Ransom (1 Timothy 2:6)
Redeemer, Redemption (Isaiah 59:20; Isaiah 60:16; 1 Corinthians 1:30)
Refuge (Isaiah 25:4)
Resurrection and the Life (John 11:25)
Righteousness (Jeremiah 23:6; Jeremiah 33:16; 1 Corinthians 1:30)
Rock (of offence) (Deuteronomy 32:15; 1 Corinthians 10:4; Romans 9:33; 1 Peter 2:8)
Rod (Isaiah 11:1)
Root (Revelation 22:16)
Rose of Sharon (Song of Songs 2:1)


Sacrifice (Ephesians 5:2)
Sanctification (1 Corinthians 1:30)
Saviour (of the world) (Luke 1:47; Luke 2:11; 1 John 4:14)
Second Man, see Man.
Seed of Abraham (Galatians 3:16, 19)
Servant (Isaiah 42:1; Isaiah 49:5-7; Matthew 12:18)
Shadow of a great Rock (Isaiah 32:2)
Shepherd (John 10:11; Hebrews 13:20)
Shiloh (Genesis 49:10)
Son (Isaiah 9:6; 1 John 4:14)
Sower (Matthew 13:37)
Star (see Day Star and Bright and Morning Star)
Stone (1 Peter 2:8)
Sun of Righteousness (Malachi 4:2)
Surety (Hebrews 7:22)


Teacher (Matthew 26:18; John 3:2; John 11:28). See also Master.
Tender Plant (Isaiah 53:2)
Testator (Hebrews 9:15-17)
True Bread, see Bread
Truth (John 14:6)


Vine (John 15:1, 5)


Way (John 14:6)
Who is, who was, and who is to come (Revelation 1:8)
Wisdom (of God) (1 Corinthians 1:24, 30)
Wonderful (Isaiah 9:6)
Word (of God) (John 1:1, Revelation 19:13)

Mostly based on excerpts from A Plant of Renown by Leonard Sheldrake.

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