The nineteenth book of the Old Testament.

The psalms: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95 | 96 | 97 | 98 | 99 | 100 | 101 | 102 | 103 | 104 | 105 | 106 | 107 | 108 | 109 | 110 | 111 | 112 | 113 | 114 | 115 | 116 | 117 | 118 | 119 | 120 | 121 | 122 | 123 | 124 | 125 | 126 | 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 | 143 | 144 | 145 | 146 | 147 | 148 | 149 | 150 | 151 (apocryphal)

Previous book: Job | Next book: Proverbs
Everything King James Bible

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
Book: Psalms
Chapters: 1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · 6 · 7 · 8 · 9 · 10 · 11 · 12 · 13 · 14 · 15 · 16 · 17 · 18 · 19 · 20 · 21 · 22 · 23 · 24 · 25 · 26 · 27 · 28 · 29 · 30 · 31 · 32 · 33 · 34 · 35 · 36 · 37 · 38 · 39 · 40 · 41 · 42 · 43 · 44 · 45 · 46 · 47 · 48 · 49 · 50 · 51 · 52 · 53 · 54 · 55 · 56 · 57 · 58 · 59 · 60 · 61 · 62 · 63 · 64 · 65 · 66 · 67 · 68 · 69 · 70 · 71 · 72 · 73 · 74 · 75 · 76 · 77 · 78 · 79 · 80 · 81 · 82 · 83 · 84 · 85 · 86 · 87 · 88 · 89 · 90 · 91 · 92 · 93 · 94 · 95 · 96 · 97 · 98 · 99 · 100 · 101 · 102 · 103 · 104 · 105 · 106 · 107 · 108 · 109 · 110 · 111 · 112 · 113 · 114 · 115 · 116 · 117 · 118 · 119 · 120 · 121 · 122 · 123 · 124 · 125 · 126 · 127 · 128 · 129 · 130 · 131 · 132 · 133 · 134 · 135 · 136 · 137 · 138 · 139 · 140 · 141 · 142 · 143 · 144 · 145 · 146 · 147 · 148 · 149 ·

David was the penman of most of the Psalms, but some
evidently were composed By other writers, and the writers of
some are doubtful. But all were written By the Inspiration of
the Holy Ghost; and No part of the Old Testament is more
frequently quoted or referred to in the New. Every psalm either
points directly to Christ, in his person, his character, and
offices; or may lead the believer's thoughts to Him. And the
Psalms are the language of the believer's Heart, whether
mourning for Sin, thirsting after God, or rejoicing in Him.
Whether burdened with affliction, struggling with Temptation, or
triumphing in the Hope or enjoyment of deliverance; whether
admiring the Divine perfections, thanking God for his mercies,
mediating On his truths, or delighting in his service; they form
a Divinely appointed standard of experience, By which we may
Judge ourselves. Their value, in this view, is very great, and
the use of them will increase with the growth of the power of
true religion in the Heart. By the psalmist's expressions, the
Spirit Helps us to pray. If we make the Psalms familiar to us,
whatever we have to ask at the Throne of Grace, By way of
Confession, petition, or thanksgiving, we may be assisted from
thence. Whatever devout Affection is working in us, holy desire
or Hope, sorrow or joy, we may here find words to clothe it;
sound speech which cannot be condemned. In the language of this
Divine Book, the prayers and praises of the Church have been
offered up to the Throne of Grace from Age to Age.

Greek: stringed instruments, or songs accompanied by the instruments.
Hebrew: tehillim.

The Psalms are located between the book of Job and Proverbs in the Bible, and there are 150 Psalms, although the Greek and Hebrew bibles have slightly different numbering systems- the Greek bible unites some of the Psalms that are separate in the Hebrew, and both the Hebrew and Greek separate Psalm 42 and Psalm 43, although most believe that they are one Psalm.

The book of Psalms present readers with an interpretive challenge, in that the words are spoken to God, not necessarily by Him. They are also NOT doctrine, genealogy, or narratives. They are poetry. The function of the Psalms are two-fold:


1. To help us express ourselves to God.

2. To help us consider God's ways.

When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place, what is man that you are mindful of him -Psalm 8:3

In ancient Israel, Psalms were the connection between the worshiper and God, and later Psalms played a part in the Christian's worship of God as well (Ephesians 5:19, Colossians 3:16). There are approximately 7 different 'categories' of Psalms:

-Laments: Psalm 13

-Thanksgiving: Psalm 65, Psalm 18

-Hymns of Praise: Psalm 8

-Salvation History: Psalm 78

-Celebration and Affirmation: Psalm 47

-Wisdom: Psalm 1

-Trust: Psalm 11

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