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22:1 My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring?
22:2 O my God, I cry in the day time, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent.
22:3 But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.
22:4 Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them.
22:5 They cried unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.
22:6 But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.
22:7 All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,
22:8 He trusted on the LORD that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.
22:9 But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope when I was upon my mother's breasts.
22:10 I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou art my God from my mother's belly.
22:11 Be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is none to help.
22:12 Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round.
22:13 They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion.
22:14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.
22:15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.
22:16 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.
22:17 I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me.
22:18 They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.
22:19 But be not thou far from me, O LORD: O my strength, haste thee to help me.
22:20 Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog.
22:21 Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.
22:22 I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.
22:23 Ye that fear the LORD, praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him; and fear him, all ye the seed of Israel.
22:24 For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither hath he hid his face from him; but when he cried unto him, he heard.
22:25 My praise shall be of thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him.
22:26 The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.
22:27 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the LORD: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.
22:28 For the kingdom is the LORD's: and he is the governor among the nations.
22:29 All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.
22:30 A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.
22:31 They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this.



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Everything King James Bible:Psalms
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From the Great Bible, 1540 edition (known as Cranmer's Bible). Set in the Book of Common Prayer, 1662, for Evening Prayer on the fourth day of the month.

PSALM 22. Deus, Deus meus.

  1. My God, my God, look upon me; why hast thou forsaken me? and art so far from my health, and from the words of my complaint?
  2. O my God, I cry in the day-time, but thou hearest not; and in the night season also I take no rest.
  3. And thou continuest holy: O thou Worship of Israel.
  4. Our fathers hoped in thee: they trusted in thee, and thou didst deliver them.
  5. They called upon thee, and were holpen; they put their trust in thee, and were not confounded.
  6. But as for me, I am a worm, and no man; a very scorn of men, and the outcast of the people.
  7. All they that see me laugh me to scorn; they shoot out their lips, and shake their heads, saying,
  8. He trusted in the Lord, that he would deliver him; let him deliver him, if he will have him.
  9. But thou art he that took me out of my mother's womb: thou wast my hope, when I hanged yet upon my mother's breasts.
  10. I have been left unto thee ever since I was born; thou art my God even from my mother's womb.
  11. O go not from me; for trouble is hard at hand, and there is none to help me.
  12. Many oxen are come about me; fat bulls of Bashan close me in on every side.
  13. They gape upon me with their mouths, as it were a ramping and a roaring lion.
  14. I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint; my heart also in the midst of my body is even like melting wax.
  15. My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue cleaveth to my gums, and thou bringest me into the dust of death.
  16. For many dogs are come about me, and the council of the wicked layeth siege against me.
  17. They pierced my hands and my feet: I may tell all my bones: they stand staring and looking upon me.
  18. They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.
  19. But be not thou far from me, O Lord; thou art my succour, haste thee to help me.
  20. Deliver my soul from the sword, my darling from the power of the dog.
  21. Save me from the lion's mouth; thou hast heard me also from among the horns of the unicorns.
  22. I will declare thy Name unto my brethren; in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.
  23. O praise the Lord, ye that fear him: magnify him, all ye of the seed of Jacob; and fear him, all ye seed of Israel.
  24. For he hath not despised nor abhorred the low estate of the poor; he hath not hid his face from him; but when he called unto him he heard him.
  25. My praise is of thee in the great-congregation; my vows will I perform in the sight of them that fear him.
  26. The poor shall eat, and be satisfied; they that seek after the LORD shall praise him: your heart shall live for ever.
  27. All the ends of the world shall remember themselves, and be turned unto the Lord; and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before him.
  28. For the kingdom is the Lord's, and he is the Governor among the nations.
  29. All such as be fat upon earth have eaten, and worshipped.
  30. All they that go down into the dust shall kneel before him; and no man hath quickened his own soul.
  31. My seed shall serve him: they shall be counted unto the Lord for a generation.
  32. They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, whom the Lord hath made.



From the Vulgate, where it is listed, according to the Catholic manner, as Psalm 21.:

  1. Deus Deus meus quare dereliquisti me longe a salute mea verba rugitus mei.
  2. Deus meus clamabo per diem et non exaudies et nocte nec est silentium mihi.
  3. Et tu sancte habitator Laus Israhel.
  4. In te confisi sunt patres nostri confisi sunt et salvasti eos.
  5. Ad te clamaverunt et salvati sunt in te confisi sunt et non sunt confusi.
  6. Ego autem sum vermis et non homo obprobrium hominum et dispectio plebis.
  7. Omnes videntes me subsannant me dimittunt labium movent caput.
  8. Confugit ad Dominum salvet eum liberet eum quoniam vult eum.
  9. Tu autem propugnator meus ex utero fiducia mea ab uberibus matris meae.
  10. In te proiectus sum ex vulva de ventre matris meae Deus meus es tu.
  11. Ne longe fias a me quoniam tribulatio proxima est quoniam non est adiutor.
  12. Circumdederunt me vituli multi tauri pingues vallaverunt me.
  13. Aperuerunt super me os suum quasi leo capiens et rugiens.
  14. Sicut aqua effusus sum et separata sunt omnia ossa mea factum est cor meum sicut cera liquefacta in medio ventris mei.
  15. Aruit velut testa fortitudo mea et lingua mea adhesit palato meo et in pulverem mortis detraxisti me.
  16. Circumdederunt me venatores concilium pessimorum vallavit me vinxerunt manus meas et pedes meos.
  17. Numeravi omnia ossa mea quae ipsi respicientes viderunt in me.
  18. Diviserunt vestimenta mea sibi et super vestimentum meum miserunt sortem.
  19. Tu autem Domine ne longe fias fortitudo mea in auxilium meum festina.
  20. Erue a gladio animam meam de manu canis solitariam meam.
  21. Salva me ex ore leonis et de cornibus unicornium exaudi me.
  22. Narrabo nomen tuum fratribus meis in medio ecclesiae laudabo te.
  23. Qui timetis Dominum laudate eum omne semen Iacob glorificate eum.
  24. Et metuite eum universum semen Israhel quoniam non dispexit neque contempsit modestiam pauperis et non abscondit faciem suam ab eo et cum clamaret ad eum audivit.
  25. Apud te laus mea in ecclesia multa vota mea reddam in conspectu timentium eum.
  26. Comedent mites et saturabuntur laudabunt Dominum quaerentes eum vivet cor vestrum in sempiternum.
  27. Recordabuntur et convertentur ad Dominum omnes fines terrae et adorabunt coram eo universae cognationes gentium.
  28. Quia Domini est regnum et dominabitur gentibus.
  29. Comederunt et adoraverunt omnes pingues terrae ante faciem eius curvabunt genu universi qui descendunt in pulverem.
  30. Et anima eius ipsi vivet semen serviet ei.
  31. Narrabitur Domino in generatione venient et adnuntiabunt iustitias eius populo qui nascetur quas fecit.



The psalm in either case may be followed by the Gloria Patri.


Notes: This psalm is especially famous as its lines appear to prophesy Jesus' crucifixion, and the first line provides his cry upon the cross, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? One theory says that this occurred because Jesus was reciting the psalms from memory as he died, like a good rabbinical student. Several of his other utterances during the Passion narrative back this theory up. This, however, was where he had got to by the end.

This psalm is often chanted or sung on Maundy Thursday or Good Friday.

A slight emendation of the Hebrew of verse 1 would change 'health' to 'cry', which makes more sense.

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Psalms
Book: Psalms
Chapter: 22

Overview:
Complaints of discouragement. (1-10) With Prayer for
deliverance. (11-21) Praises for mercies and Redemption. (22-31)

1-10 The Spirit of Christ, which was in the prophets, testifies
in this psalm, clearly and fully, the sufferings of Christ, and
the Glory that should follow. We have a sorrowful complaint of
God's withdrawings. This may be applied to any Child of God,
pressed down, overwhelmed with grief and terror. Spiritual
desertions are the saints' sorest Afflictions; but even their
complaint of these burdens is a sign of spiritual Life, and
spiritual senses exercised. To cry out, My God, why am I sick?
why am I Poor? savours of discontent and worldliness. But, "Why
hast thou forsaken me?" is the language of a Heart binding up
its happiness in God's favour. This must be applied to Christ.
In the first words of this complaint, he poured out his soul
before God when he was upon the Cross, Mt 27:46. Being truly
Man, Christ felt a natural unwillingness to pass through such
great sorrows, yet his zeal and Love prevailed. Christ declared
the Holiness of God, his heavenly Father, in his sharpest
sufferings; nay, declared them to be a proof of it, for which he
would be continually praised By his Israel, more than for all
other deliverances they received. Never any that hoped in thee,
were made ashamed of their Hope; never any that sought thee,
sought thee in vain. Here is a complaint of the contempt and
reproach of men. The Saviour here spoke of the abject state to
which he was reduced. The history of Christ's sufferings, and of
his Birth, explains this Prophecy.

11-21 In these verses we have Christ suffering, and Christ
praying; By which we are directed to look for crosses, and to
look up to God under them. The very manner of Christ's Death is
described, though not in use among the Jews. They pierced his
hands and his feet, which were nailed to the accursed tree, and
his whole body was left So to hang as to suffer the most severe
pain and torture. His natural force failed, being wasted By the
Fire of Divine wrath preying upon his spirits. Who then can
stand before God's Anger? or who knows the power of it? The Life
of the sinner was forfeited, and the Life of the Sacrifice must
be the Ransom for it. Our Lord Jesus was stripped, when he was
crucified, that he might clothe us with the robe of his
Righteousness. Thus it was written, therefore thus it behoved
Christ to suffer. Let all this confirm our Faith in him as the
true Messiah, and excite our Love to him as the best of friends,
who loved us, and suffered all this for us. Christ in his Agony
prayed, prayed earnestly, prayed that the Cup might pass from
him. When we cannot rejoice in God as our song, yet let us stay
ourselves upon him as our strength; and take the comfort of
spiritual supports, when we cannot have spiritual delights. He
prays to be delivered from the Divine wrath. He that has
delivered, doth deliver, and will do So. We should think upon
the sufferings and Resurrection of Christ, till we feel in our
souls the power of his resurrection, and the Fellowship of his
sufferings.

22-31 The Saviour now speaks as risen from the dead. The first
words of the complaint were used By Christ himself upon the
Cross; the first words of the triumph are expressly applied to
him, Heb 2:12. All our praises must refer to the work of
Redemption. The suffering of the Redeemer was graciously
accepted as a full satisfaction for Sin. Though it was offered
for sinful men, the Father did not despise or abhor it for our
sakes. This ought to be the matter of our thanksgiving. All
humble, gracious souls should have a full satisfaction and
happiness in him. Those that hunger and thirst after
Righteousness in Christ, shall not labour for that which
satisfies not. Those that are much in praying, will be much in
thanksgiving. Those that turn to God, will make Conscience of
worshipping before him. Let every tongue confess that he is
Lord. High and low, rich and Poor, Bond and free, meet in
Christ. Seeing we cannot keep alive our own souls, it is our
Wisdom, By obedient Faith, to commit our souls to Christ, who is
able to save and keep them alive for ever. A seed shall serve
him. God will have a Church in the world to the End of time.
They shall be accounted to him for a Generation; he will be the
same to them that he was to those who went before them. His
Righteousness, and not any of their own, they shall declare to
be the foundation of all their hopes, and the Fountain of all
their joys. Redemption By Christ is the Lord's own doing. Here
we see the free Love and compassion of God the Father, and of
our Lord Jesus Christ, for us wretched sinners, as the source of
all Grace and consolation; the Example we are to follow, the
treatment as Christians we are to expect, and the conduct under
it we are to adopt. Every lesson may here be learned that can
profit the humbled soul. Let those who go about to establish
their own Righteousness inquire, why the beloved Son of God
should thus suffer, if their own doings could atone for Sin? Let
the ungodly professor consider whether the Saviour thus honoured
the Divine Law, to purchase him the privilege of despising it.
Let the careless take warning to flee from the wrath to come,
and the trembling Rest their hopes upon this merciful Redeemer.
Let the tempted and distressed believer cheerfully expect a
happy End of every trial.

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