The full name of the institution is “The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia” (ICTY). The court consists of judges and prosecutors. They prosecute those accused of breaching the Geneva conventions, violations of customs of war, genocide, and crimes against humanity. So far the court has prosecuted about a hundred people, although the number is constantly on the rise.

The Serbian army was the aggressor in these wars, and has as such been responsible for most of the crimes. Bosnian Serb and Yugoslav/Serbian governments have a history of delaying or refusing to hand over a lot of the accused, notably Slobodan Milošević and Radovan Karadžić who were both heads of states during the war. Milošević was apprehended in 2001, while Karadžić is still on the run.

Several Bosnian Croat and Bosnian Muslim army officers have also been extradited and trialled in the Hague, despite occasional delays caused by the Croatian government.

This was the first international court to declare rape an instrument of genocide.

This institution's mandate expires in 2008.

On March 12, 2003, the Hague court was expanded to International Criminal Court.

Its web page is at