Pit (?), n. [OE. pit, put, AS. pytt a pit, hole, L. puteus a well, pit.]
A large cavity or hole in the ground, either natural or artificial; a cavity in the surface of a body; an indentation
; specifically: (a)
The shaft of a coal mine; a coal pit
A large hole in the ground from which material is dug or quarried; as, a stone pit; a gravel pit; or in which material is made by burning; as, a lime pit; a charcoal pit
A vat sunk in the ground; as, a tan pit.
Tumble me into some loathsome pit.
Any abyss; especially, the grave, or hades.
Back to the infernal pit I drag thee chained.
He keepth back his soul from the pit.
Job xxxiii. 18.
A covered deep hole for entrapping wild beasts; a pitfall; hence, a trap; a snare. Also used figuratively.
The anointed of the Lord was taken in their pits.
Lam. iv. 20.
A depression or hollow in the surface of the human body
; as: (a)
The hollow place under the shoulder or arm; the axilla, or armpit
See Pit of the stomach (below)
The indentation or mark left by a pustule, as in smallpox.
Formerly, that part of a theater, on the floor of the house, below the level of the stage and behind the orchestra; now, in England, commonly the part behind the stalls; in the United States, the parquet; also, the occupants of such a part of a theater.
An inclosed area into which gamecocks, dogs, and other animals are brought to fight, or where dogs are trained to kill rats.
"As fiercely as two gamecocks in the pit
7. [Cf. D. pit, akin to E. pith.] Bot. (a)
The endocarp of a drupe, and its contained seed or seeds; a stone; as, a peach pit; a cherry pit, etc.
A depression or thin spot in the wall of a duct.
Cold pit Hort., an excavation in the earth, lined with masonry or boards, and covered with glass, but not artificially heated, -- used in winter for the storing and protection of half-hardly plants, and sometimes in the spring as a forcing bed. -- Pit coal, coal dug from the earth; mineral coal. -- Pit frame, the framework over the shaft of a coal mine. -- Pit head, the surface of the ground at the mouth of a pit or mine. -- Pit kiln, an oven for coking coal. -- Pit martin Zool., the bank swallow. [Prov. Eng.] -- Pit of the stomach Anat., the depression on the middle line of the epigastric region of the abdomen at the lower end of the sternum; the infrasternal depression. -- Pit saw Mech., a saw worked by two men, one of whom stands on the log and the other beneath it. The place of the latter is often in a pit, whence the name. -- Pit viper Zool., any viperine snake having a deep pit on each side of the snout. The rattlesnake and copperhead are examples. -- Working pit Min., a shaft in which the ore is hoisted and the workmen carried; -- in distinction from a shaft used for the pumps.
© Webster 1913.
Pit, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pitted (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Pitting.]
To place or put into a pit or hole.
They lived like beasts, and were pitted like beasts, tumbled into the grave.
To mark with little hollows, as by various pustules; as, a face pitted by smallpox.
To introduce as an antagonist; to set forward for or in a contest; as, to pit one dog against another.
© Webster 1913.