The Ryder Cup
is a Golf
competition for men, between the best players of United
It began in 1927 when Samuel Ryder, a wealthy British
merchant, donated a solid gold trophy to the winning team of professionals players
from either the United States or Great Britain and Ireland. The
competition has been held every two years since, except for the second world
war. Through 1983, the United States dominated the
competition by winning all but three matches.
That all changed in 1985, when the Europeans won the Cup
from the Americans at The Belfry Club in England, and then held on to it two
years later when they won on American soil for the first time at Muirfield Village. In 1989 , the Europeans kept the Cup again with a 14-14 tie
before the United States came back with two victories. Europe won the Cup back
in 1995 at Oak Hill, and then kept it at Valderrama in 1997.
Play format and Schedule
A total of 28 points are at stake over the three days. A team must have 14½
points to win back the Cup. In the event of a 14-14 tie, the current owner will
retain the Cup. All matches are match play, not stroke play. All
matches are 18 holes. All matches are worth one point, and
a halved match gives each side one-half point.
The event is played over three days. Friday and Saturday, have four foursome matches in the morning and then four four-ball matches later in the
afternoon. Sunday's competition is 12 singles matches. The
number of team vs. singles matches has varied, and in 1979
the Cup was expanded to allow all European nations.
Each team will have 12 members, but only eight can play in the foursome and in the four-ball
matches. The team captains will select who plays, who the partners are and in what
order they play. This is done without knowing who the other team is
selecting. Players are qualified according to their results on the respective
tours over the last year, plus each team's captain has a couple of wildcards
The 2001 Ryder Cup will be played September
28-30 on The Belfry, England.
From ESPN.com Ryder Cup and EuropeanTour.com