A Catholic tradition where public officals celebrate mass together, originally while wearing red garments, which represent the influence of the Holy Spirit in their pursuit of justice. The practice began in Thirteenth Century Europe, where judges celebrated the opening of a new court term with a mass.

It continued throughout Europe, entering American legal tradition in 1928 in New York City, at St. Andrew's Church. The Bishop there began the tradition in an attempt to convince lawyers to help spread the word of God through their work. It is still celebrated today throughout the United States, including an annual service for United States Supreme Court Justices the Sunday before their first term in October.

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