Country in west Africa, formerly known as "Ivory Coast" (a translation of the French name they currently use). Borders the Gulf of Guinea, Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Ghana.

Small country in West Africa neighboring Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Ghana. The northern portion of the country is savannah, turning into tropical jungle as the southern coast approachs. Abidjan, one of the primary business centers of French West Africa and one-time capital of the country, lies on the south coast.

Once a French colony, it achieved independence on August 7, 1960. French is the official language, although Dioula and Baoulé are widely spoken. After gaining independance from France, Félix Houphouët-Boigny, a medical doctor and coffee plantation owner was elected president. Houphouët-Boigny maintained his grip on power for the next 33 years until his death in 1993. In 1983, he moved the capital from Abidjan to Yamoussoukro, his home town. It is here that the infamous Notre Dame de la Paix Basilica is located. The Basilica is the largest church in the world, and is estimated to have cost $300M to build, a rather hefty sum for a country that is mostly muslim.

The Ivory Coast had a reputation for being one of the most stable and business friendly countries in Africa, up until a military coup in 1999, led by General Robert Guéi. The economy is based on the export of agricultural products -- primarily coffee, cocoa beans, and palm oil; it is the worlds largest cocoa producer.

World Factbook: Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)

Population: 15,980,950
Note: Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2000 est.)

Age structure:

  • 0-14 years: 46.45% (male 3,726,388; female 3,696,462)
  • 15-64 years: 51.36% (male 4,222,333; female 3,985,249)
  • 65 years and over: 2.19% (male 175,606; female 174,912)
(2000 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.58% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 40.78 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 16.57 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)<(p>

Net migration rate: 1.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)
Note: After Liberia's civil war started in 1990, more than 350,000 refugees fled to Cote d'Ivoire; by the end of 1999 all Liberian refugees were assumed to have returned; the 2000 rate reflects labour in migration

Sex ratio:

  • At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
  • Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
  • 15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 1 male(s)/female
  • Total population: 1.03 male(s)/female
(2000 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 95.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

  • Total population: 45.15 years
  • Male:43.72 years
  • Female:46.63 years
(2000 est.)

Total fertility rate: 5.8 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Noun: Ivorian(s)
Adjective: Ivorian

Ethnic groups:



(definition: age 15 and over can read and write)

  • Total population: 48.5%
  • Male: 57%
  • Female: 40%

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