Love is the fart
Of every heart:
It pains a man when 'tis kept close,
And others doth offend, when 'tis let loose.
-- "Love's Offence", Sir John Suckling
Born in 1646:
Died in 1646:
Events of 1646:
Several plays by Sir John Suckling appear posthumously, as well as a
collection of poems, Fragmenta Aurea.
Richard Crashaw's collection of religious poetry Steps to the
Francis Quarles's posthumous poetry collection Eclogues appears.
Estebanillo Gonzalez's picaresque autobiography appears, but
the fashion fades.
Sir Thomas Browne's compendium of sins presented as medical afflictions
Pseudodoxia Epidemia appears. It includes attacks on Zeno's paradoxes.
Blaise Pascal reproduces Evangelista Torricelli's results showing
that air pressure decreases as altitude increases. He also converts
George Fox has a revelation that will lead him to found the Society
of Friends (i.e. Quakers).
John Greaves publishes the first measurements of the Great Pyramid
at Giza in his Pyramidographia.
Shah Jahan sends an army north in an attempt to capture Samarkand.
He is unsuccessful, the army is destroyed, and the Mughal Empire is that
Nineteen-year-old Shivaji Bhosle carves out a realm for himself
by capturing the Torana fort outside Pune. Adil Shah is not
amused; and wonders about the loyalty of his governor of Bangalore, Shivaji's
Manchu general Dorgon's armies continue the conquest of South China
from remaining Ming holdouts. Fujian, under Prince Tang, is the
next province to fall. Zheng Zhilong decides to cut a deal with Dorgon.
Because of this, he and his son Zheng Chenggong (later known as 'Koxinga')
part ways. In Beijing, Dorgon ensures his nephew's
dynasty by reinstating the Confucian-centered civil service
The English Civil War:
The West Country is pacified with the capture of Torrington in Cornwall.
The Roundheads take Oxford, and Charles I no longer has a kingdom
to defend. The fighting is all over.
Oliver Cromwell, realizing talent when he sees it, gives former Royalist
general George Monck command over Parliamentary forces in Ireland.
Scottish Covenanters occupy the northern part of England. Charles,
realizing that the New Model Army wants his head, surrenders himself
to the Scots instead at Newark. The Scots imprison him at
Newcastle upon Tyne, with the Earl of Leven as his jailer.
(July) Parliament presents the king with conditions for peace, most importantly,
they demand Presbyterianism be made the national religion. Charles demurs, hoping for a split between the Puritans and Covenanters.
Parliament banishes Charles's brother Prince Rupert from England.
The Thirty Years' War:
Political wrangling in Westphalia continues. Saxony is officially
out of the war with the Peace of Eilenberg., and France and Austria pull
together a preliminary treaty.
Meanwhile a combined French-Swedish army (under Henri Turenne and Wrangel)
The duc d'Enghien (now prince de Condé) completes the French conquest of
Flanders with the capture of Dunquerque.
At this point Countess Amalie Elizabeth of Hesse-Darmstadt tries to
conquer Hesse-Cassel and Hesse-Marburg. Austrian archduke
Leopold William, hoping to shore up his allies and divert the French and
the Swedes, sends his army into Hesse-Cassel, leaving Bavarian general
Maximillian to face the combined armies.
Turenne and Wrangel ignore the feint, and conquer all of Bavaria except
Roger Williams returns from England with a charter for Rhode
Island and Providence Plantations.
Koniecpolski routs the Tatars at Brody, and Polish king Władysław
IV negotiates an alliance with the Cossacks. But Koniecpolski sickens
and dies. Not only that, just to spite the King, the Sejm votes to discontinue
the war with the Tatar Khanate of the Crimea. Cossack hetman
Bogdan Chmielnicki had fought alongside Koniecpolski, but Polish authorities
stand idly by while a minor Polish nobleman steals his estate and his fianceé.
Chmielnicki's feelings of betrayal will cause much grief for Poland in
Deli Huseyin Pasha conquers Crete for the Ottoman Empire from
An earthquake destroys Vieste's 11th century cathedral.
1645 - 1646 - 1647
How They Were Made - 17th Century