Enka songs were first invented during the middle of the Meiji restoration in Japan by youngsters who sang for the rights of citizens to participate in politics. The songs are sung similarly to how minyous, or local songs, were sung.

Modern enka singers have nothing political to sing about. They are known to use a unique voice fluctuation technique called "kobushi". Like country music in the States, enka doesn't appeal to a large population of youth. (Although it seems like country music is more of a regional thing than strictly an age thing.)