Pharmacologic class

Methylphenidate Hydrochloride is a CNS stimulant of mild potency.
Brand Names
Ritalin
Indications
Methylphenidate Hydrochloride is generally prescribed to patients suffering from an Attention Deficit Disorder or Narcolepsy.
Pharmacology
It is not entirely understood how Methylphenidate Hydrochloride works in human beings, but it is assumed that it activates the brainstem arousal system and cortex in order to create its stimulant effects.
Contraindications
Methylphenidate Hydrochloride is contraindicated by the following:

  • Tension
  • Agitation
  • Marked anxiety
  • In patients known to be hypersensitive to Methylphenidate Hydrochloride
  • In patients with motor tics
  • In patients with a family history of or diagnosis of Tourette's syndrome
Precautions
Patients with stress or agitation may not react well. Periodic bloodwork should be done to monitor C.C. differential and platelet counts.
Interactions
Methylphenidate Hydrochloride may interact with the following substances:

Adverse Reactions
Common

  • Insomnia
  • Nervousness
Uncommon

Rare

Isolated Cases

Additional Information
Methylphenidate Hydrochloride comes in tablet form in dosages of 5, 10, and 20 miligram potency. There is a 20mg sustained release tablet as well.
Date of most recent Update
August 8, 2002
Further information is available in the writeup for the brand name of this medication

Source: RxLine - http://www.rxlist.com