Born 1592, died 1666.

Ruled the Mughal Empire of India from 1628 - 1658. Built the Taj Mahal. The third son of Mughal Emperor Jahangir.

He nearly cleaned out his huge treasury (room upon room filled with gold, silver, and jewels) during the building of the Taj Mahal, which he built in memory of his wife, Mumtaz, who died during the birth of their 14th child.

At the end of his reign, as he fell ill, his four sons engaged in a legendary war for the throne which was ultimately won by Aurangzeb.