was a type of Goidelic
language formerly spoken by the indigenous Manx people as a community language until the beginning of the 20th century. The last reputed native Manx speaker, Ned Maddrell, died on 27 December, 1974.
Goidelic was introduced into Man c. 500AD from Ireland
, and survived well into the 20th century, lasting through four centuries of Scandinavian
presence (9th-13th centuries) and six centuries of English
administration (14th-20th centuries). The language shift from Manx Gaelic to English essentially took place during the 19th century due to increased settlement into the Island, though English had been spoken in the towns and centres of administration since the advent of English suzerainty in Man in the early 14th century.
There has recently been a revival of interest in the language, and since 1992 it has been taught in modern Manx schools.