The belfry tower of the Duomo di Modena
Its name means "small wreath", perhaps because of the double order of stonework "wreaths" surrounding its top; it is the symbol of Modena
Almost 90 meters high, the Ghirlandina was built to its current shape in different periods: the square lower body was built at the same time of the cathedral
, while the
upper octagonal part and the pointed top (which are built in the gothic style, contrasting the original romanesque
style) were added in the years 1261-1319 following the design of Arrigo da Campione.
Inside the Ghirlandina, an exhibit shows the famous 'Abducted pail': a wooden pail, a trophy conquered by Modena during a war against Bologna
(one of several), in 1325. 'The Abducted Pail' ("La Secchia Rapita") is also the title of a 'Heroic/comic' poem that Alessandro Tassoni - Modena's poet laureate) composed in 1622 about this war. A monument commemorating to Tassoni can be seen, in front of the Ghirlandina, on piazza Torre, the square that connects the duomo complex with the Via Emilia