Nokia is a huge Finnish electronics company that has grown filthy rich
from selling mobile phones to poor, unsuspecting teenagers. Just
Nokia's history runs WAY back - all the way to 1865, when Fredrik Idestam
started a wood-pulp mill in southern Finland, to manufacture paper, calling
the company "Nokia"
From making paper, the company evolved to making chemicals and rubber
in the 1920s. From here it went to making industrial parts and raincoats.
In the 1960s, Nokia was researching radio transmission technology, after
they had bought shares in The Finnish Cable Works - a company making copper
wires for use in telegraph, telephone and electricity
In 1970, Nokia developed a digital telephone switch, replacing the traditional
analog electro-mechanical switches. This allowed for computer-controlled
telephone exchanges. The digital switch was built on Intel microprocessors.
Around the same time, development of a mobile network began. Dubbed NMT
(Nordic Mobile Telephony), this system was launched in 1981. Nokia had an
important role in the development of the protocols and the network (which
was analog). In the beginning of the 1980s, a new standard was launched,
GSM (Global System for Mobile communication). Nokia
was quick to jump on the bandwagon, and started developing GSM mobile phones.
Around the beginning of the 1990s, Finland experienced an economic recession.
Nokia decided to ditch their other actions, and invest more in their electronics
and communications sectors. The explosion in the sales of GSM phones towards
the end of the 90s has made Nokia one of the largest and most important
companies in Finland
- Nokia employs more than 60,000 people all over the world.
- Nokia invests 8.5% of net sales in research and development
- Nokia has their annual Nokia Game - a genius marketing stunt gaining
them massive attention.
- Computer communications
- Radio & TV
- Computer Components
- Rubber products
The Mobile Phones
Because Nokia has become most famous for their Cell Phones, I decided to
write a bit extra about them here.
Nokia started off early making 450 Mhz band and 900 Mhz band telephones
for the NMT networks - and 900 Mhz band telephones for the GSM mobile
network. They later started producing telephones that could use both the 900
and the 1800 MHz bands, because the 1800 Mhz phones had better penetration
in urban environments.
In the US, the GSM network runs on the 1900 Mhz band - which explains
why most of the cool and fancy telephones aimed at the European market either
never make it to the US, or arrive with a different name and at a later
In general, Nokia cell phones have been known to have great quality and reliability,
with the exception of the Nokia 6210, which was notorious with its 25% error