**Ver"tex** (?), n.; pl. Vertexes (#), L. Vertices (#). [L. *vertex*, *-icis*, a whirl, top of the head, top, summit, from *vertere* to turn. See Verse, and cf. Vortex.]

A turning point; the principal or highest point; top; summit; crown; apex.

Specifically: --

(a) Anat.

The top, or crown, of the head.

(b) Anat.

The zenith, or the point of the heavens directly overhead.

(c) Math.

The point in any figure opposite to, and farthest from, the base; the terminating point of some particular line or lines in a figure or a curve; the top, or the point opposite the base.

⇒ The *principal vertex* of a conic section is, in the parabola, the vertex of the axis of the curve: in the ellipse, either extremity of either axis, but usually the left-hand vertex of the transverse axis; in the hyperbola, either vertex, but usually the right-hand vertex of the transverse axis.

Vertex of a curve Math., the point in which the axis of the curve intersects it. -- Vertex of an angle Math., the point in which the sides of the angle meet. -- Vertex of a solid, ∨ of a surface of revolution Math., the point in which the axis pierces the surface.

© Webster 1913.