"Rollback" was a euphemism
used in American foreign policy
circles during the Cold War
to describe the use of military force
to "roll back" communism
from regions where it had taken hold. Rollback was most seriously considered as an option in American foreign policy in the years immediately following World War II
, when American military might was unchallenged, but the development of a worldwide nuclear arms race
following the Soviet Union
's acquisition of the atomic bomb
led policymakers to choose “containment
” over rollback as a less risky foreign policy strategy.
Nevertheless, American attempts at rollback continued from time to time, especially in the form of covert operations funded by the CIA, such as the Bay of Pigs Invasion. Rollback was revived as a major foreign policy under President Reagan, who openly aided anticommunist forces in third world nations.