Morphometrics is the branch of mathematics
concerned with the metric
al and statistical
properties of shapes and changes in shapes. It is applied to the study of geometric object
s, such as molecule
s, brains, bird wing
s, ancient handcraft, modern cars, etc.
The numerical methods used in morphometric research are very advanced, and include various oridination procedures (Canonical Correlation Analysis, Principal Components Analysis, Relative Warps Analysis, Thin-plate splines, Fourier Analysis, Fractal Analysis, etc.).
In biology it can be used to examine or create taxonomic classifications, or examine such life history questions as pertain to phenotypic plasticity, and adaptation. It can also be applied in chemistry and engineering, and has been used to help render manufacturing processes more efficient.