A Scottish writer, lived 1721-1771, best known these days for the novels Roderick Random, Humphrey Clinker, and Peregrine Pickle.

He was born near Dunbarton and was trained as a surgeon, and on joining the navy took part in attacks on the Spanish in the West Indies in 1742. He lived in London (in Downing Street from 1744 and Chelsea from 1750), but toured Europe a number of times, and died in Leghorn in Italy.

Laurence Sterne called him Smelfungus.

His works included

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