Older brother of the more renowned Bonaparte, Napoleon. Born on January 1 1786 in Corsica. He studied law in Paris and married Julie Clary in 1794, a union which produced offspring in the form of two girls, Zénaïde and Charlotte Bonaparte.

Served as envoy and diplomat for his brother during the Italian campaign. In 1806 he was made King of Naples (as Joseph Napoleon I), a title which he held until he became King of Spain in 1808. In 1813, during the peninsular war, he was forced to leave Spain and withdrew to France. After Napoleon final defeat in 1815 he emmigrated to the United States, where he stayed until 1832. After a brief stay in England, he settled in Italy. He died on July 28 1844 in Florence.

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