The main steps involved in the processing of data - raw, unorganized facts - to
information. The steps are for electronic and non-electronic processing
methods. The steps are not linear! I must stress this! Do not attempt to follow the
instructions to the letter, as you will probably end up goofing it up. Like, it may need further manipulation and you're already in the retrieval phase.
- Acquisition. Acquiring the data that is required to be processed
to information. This can be given to you, taken by you, recorded, whatever.
- Input. Put into a recognizable format, such as a document,
spreadsheet, database or slideshow. This can be done electronically or not.
- Validation. Checking to see that the data is correct. Validation may already have been done by the computer if you are using one: for example, if certain rules have been created for one cell in a spreadsheet or database.
- Manipulation. The part which will probably take the most time. This is also where the real hard core stuff comes into it - you process the data into information by editing, adding and/or removing, changing, etc.
- Storage. Saving or filing the data/information. Make sure that it is filed somewhere safe and retrievable.
- Retrieval. The opposite of storage; the data/information is retrieved for further manipulation or output.
- Output. The opposite of input; the information is turned into a readable, useful format, like printed paper or a website. Note that it is now information and no longer data, because output should only consist of useful stuff.
- Communication. Passing the information on to someone else. This can be sent along the digital void or through the other void.
- Disposal. The opposite of acquisition; getting rid of the information somehow - whether archiving it, deleting it or just throwing it away. Generally you should archive the info for some time before getting rid of it.