The district attorney of Dallas County, Texas, USA, probably most famous as the defendant in the landmark 1973 U.S. Supreme Court Abortion decision, Roe v. Wade which declared a woman has the right to obtain an abortion at any time during the first trimester of pregnancy, and that the Texas statute prohibiting such abortions (and by inference, every other similar state law) was unconstitutional and thus void.

Earlier, he gained notoriety by prosecuting Jack Ruby for the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, the man alleged to be the murderer of John F. Kennedy, a claim some dispute as a frame-up and believe Oswald was a patsy and was a victim of a conspiracy. While Ruby was sentenced to death as a result of the jury verdict in the trial, the Texas Supreme Court would later overturn Ruby's conviction.

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