SRAM, or Static RAM, is a type of computer memory that doesn't need a "refresh". DRAM has capacitors which hold data that need to be explicitly refreshed thousands of times every second with a power charge in order to continue to hold that data. SRAM holds its data for as long as it has power connected to it, and does not require active refresh. However, it is more expensive than DRAM, and is therefore only commonly used in CPU caches. It isn't much like ROMs or EEPROMs.

SRAM also stands for Short Range Attack Missile. These are methods of increasing the survivability of a nuclear bomber such as the B-52 Stratofortress (or BUFF to its fans). Rather than relying on altitude and the speed of the aircraft to avoid nuclear detonation effects, these weapons when dropped would ignite a rocket motor and propel the weapon between 15 and 20 kilometers before reaching detonation altitude. This also decreased the amount of time required for the bomber to line up and execute its attack runs. SRAM was partially inspired by the press to place more usable warheads on each plane that resulted from the SALT-I and SALT-II arms limitation treaties between the U.S. and U.S.S.R.

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