Date: 23rd September, 1459

Time: started - 1:00pm; duration - 4 hrs

Location: Blore Heath, 1 mile north of the town of Blore Heath (NW of London)

Weather: wet, ground muddy

Factions: York vs Lancaster

Victor: York

Troops/inventory: York - 3,000 - 6,000 men-at-arms (including billmen, pikemen & archers), cannons, spears;
Lancaster - 6,000 - 12,000 (including large cavalry contigent & archers) *approx. 500 defected during battle

Injuries/fatalaties of interest: York

  • Sir John Neville (captured)
  • Sir Thomas Neville (captured)

  • James Touchet, Lord Audley (slain)
  • Lord Dudley (captured)
  • Sir Hugh Venables of Kinerton (slain)
  • Sir Richard Molineux of Sefton (slain)
  • Sir John Dunne (slain)
  • Sir Thomas Dutton of Dutton (slain)
  • Sir John Haigh (slain)

Total slain: York 500 - 1,000; Lancaster 2,000; injured: 200 - 300

Interesting bit: The Yorkist contingent, realising that they were greatly outnumbered, strengthened their defensive position before the battle began. This proved to be a wise move, as the Lancastrian army was forced to traverse a slope down to a stream, cross the water and then climb the opposite bank in order to engage their opponents. The unsuing melee lasted for several hours, but the disadvantaged Lancastrians were soundly defeated. They lost a total of around 2,000 men, while the Yorkist fatalities numbered between 500 and 1000. It is said that Wemberton Brook ran red with Lancastrian blood for three days.

Although he was one of York's victorious commanders, Salisbury still felt that he may be in danger from another two Lancastrian armies which were assembling a short distance away. He beat a hasty retreat to Ludlow where he joined York and Warwick. To cover his withdrawal from Blore Heath, Salisbury creatively left one of his cannons with a local Augistinian friar and asked to him to fire it during the night. This tactic confused the Lancastrians as to the exact location of Salisbury's retreating men.