The Song Dynasty was the period of time between the years 960 and 1279 in Chinese history. This Dynasty is considered to be one of China's most creative and artistic periods.
The Song Dynasty saw large population growth, particularly in urban areas. The capital, (which was moved from Kaifeng to Hangzhou), grew greatly during this time. The iron and coal industries began to develop, (this along with increased foreign trade caused land taxes to decrease). Paper money began to see widespread usage, and China developed new, larger sailing vessels. The Song Dynasty was also the first society ever to have printed books. This brought about the civil service examination system, (this was very important to upper-class life).
A revival in Confucianism, (with some Buddhist influence), was brought about by the advances in education available.
Emperors of the Song Dynasty
Northern Song Emperors
Southern Song Emperors