(Dridzo Solomon Abramovich)
Soviet politician and labour union leader. Born 1878, died 1952.
Lozovsky participated in the abortive revolution of 1905-1907, as a social democrat. In the 1917 revolution, he joined the Bolshevik party, and was elected to the leadership of the Russian labour unions. From 1921 to 1937, he was secretary-general of Profintern (the Labour International), and from 1939-1946 he was vice-foreign minister of the Soviet Union.
In 1941, he co-founded the Soviet Jewish Antifascist Committee1, which during World War II helped to organise international humanitarian aid to the Soviet Union. However, the organisation was banned in 1948 by Stalin, who suspected its members of espionage2. As one of the leaders of the committee, Lozovsky was arrested and executed.
1 1941 was the year that Adolf Hitler broke the Non-Aggression Pact between Germany and the Soviet Union (Operation Barbarossa).
2 1948 was the year Israel was established, and the Soviet Union still had a large Jewish minority.