Electrically, a bus is a set of wires, which when taken in parallel, are used to transmit data. Typically, multiple devices are connected to a bus, in contrast to many other forms of interconnect, which merely connect one output to another input. See point to point. Because of this, there is often special logic to control who is allowed to write to the bus. See transfer gates, three state logic.
Some common busses associated with computers are SCSI, IDE, PCI, ISA.