in the United States
that began in the 1960s
(during the desegregation
era). It took the desegregation of public school
s one step further, by requiring
some students to go to schools that were not the closest to their home, in order to provide a more uniform racial mix
in the schools in an area. (Since school bus
es were provided for all such students, when they might often not need a bus to go to the nearest school, the practice earned the name "busing").
In the 1970s cities started phasing out busing, allowing the schools to return to their natural racial makeups, though it lingered longer in some places.