Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: 2 Samuel
Book: 2 Samuel
Chapter: 20

Sheba's rebellion. (1-3) Amasa slain By Joab. (4-13) Sheba
takes Refuge in Abel. (14-22) David's officers. (23-26)

1-3 One trial arises after another for our good, till we reach
the place where Sin and sorrow are for ever done away. Angry
disputers misunderstand or misconstrue one another's words;
proud men will have every thing their own way, or wholly refuse
their assistance. The favour of the many is not to be depended
upon; and what have others to expect, when Hosanna to the Son of
David was soon changed to Crucify him, crucify him?

4-13 Joab barbarously murdered Amasa. The more plot there is in
a Sin, the worse it is. Joab contentedly sacrificed the interest
both of the King and the kingdom to his personal revenge. But
one would wonder with what Face a murderer could pursue a
traitor; and how, under such a load of guilt, he had courage to
enter upon danger: his Conscience was seared.

14-22 Justly is that place attacked, which dares to harbour a
traitor; nor will the Heart fare better which indulges
rebellious lusts, that will not have Christ to reign over them.
A discreet Woman, By her prudent management, satisfied Joab, and
yet saved the City. Wisdom is not confined to rank or sex; it
consists not in Deep knowledge; but in understanding how to act
as matters arise, that troubles may be turned away and benefits
secured. A great Deal of mischief would be prevented, if
contending parties would understand one another. Let both sides
be undeceived. The single condition of peace is, the surrender
of the traitor. It is So in God's dealing with the soul, when
besieged By conviction and distress; Sin is the traitor; the
beloved Lust is the rebel: part with that, cast away the
transgression, and all shall be Well. There is No peace On any
other terms.

23-26 Here is the state of David's Court, after his
restoration. It is Well when able men are appointed to discharge
public duties; let all seek to perform those duties, as Faithful
servants to the Son of David.