**Square** (?), n. [OF. *esquarre*, *esquierre*, F. *équerre* a carpenter's square (cf. It. *squadra*), fr. (assumed) LL. *exquadrare* to make square; L. *ex + quadrus* a square, fr. *quattuor* four. See Four, and cf. Quadrant, Squad, Squer a square.]

**1.** (Geom.)

(a)

The corner, or angle, of a figure. [Obs.]

(b)

A parallelogram having four equal sides and four right angles.

**2.**

Hence, anything which is square, or nearly so; as:

(a)

A square piece or fragment.

He bolted his food down his capacious throat in *squares* of three inches.

*Sir W. Scott.*

(b)

A pane of glass.

(c) (Print.)

A certain number of lines, forming a portion of a column, nearly square; -- used chiefly in reckoning the prices of advertisements in newspapers.

(d) (Carp.)

One hundred superficial feet.

**3.**

An area of four sides, generally with houses on each side; sometimes, a solid block of houses; also, an open place or area for public use, as at the meeting or intersection of two or more streets.

The statue of Alexander VII. stands in the large *square* of the town.

*Addison.*

**4.** (Mech. & Joinery)

An instrument having at least one right angle and two or more straight edges, used to lay out or test square work. It is of several forms, as the T square, the carpenter's square, the try-square., etc.

**5.**

Hence, a pattern or rule. [Obs.]

**6.** (Arith. & Alg.)

The product of a number or quantity multiplied by itself; thus, 64 is the *square* of 8, for *8 × 8 = 64*; the *square* of *a + b* is *a*^{2} + 2ab + b^{2}.

**7.**

Exact proportion; justness of workmanship and conduct; regularity; rule. [Obs.]

They of Galatia [were] much more out of *square*.

*Hooker.*

I have not kept my *square*.

*Shak.*

**8.** (Mil.)

A body of troops formed in a square, esp. one formed to resist a charge of cavalry; a squadron. "The brave *squares* of war." *Shak.*

**9.**

Fig.: The relation of harmony, or exact agreement; equality; level.

We live not on the *square* with such as these.

*Dryden.*

**10.** (Astrol.)

The position of planets distant ninety degrees from each other; a quadrate. [Obs.]

**11.**

The act of squaring, or quarreling; a quarrel. [R.]

**12.**

The front of a woman's dress over the bosom, usually worked or embroidered. [Obs.] *Shak.*

**Geometrical square**. See Quadrat, n., 2. --

**Hollow square** (Mil.), a formation of troops in the shape of a square, each side consisting of four or five ranks, and the colors, officers, horses, etc., occupying the middle. --

**Least square**, **Magic square**, etc. See under Least, Magic, etc. --

**On the square**, or **Upon the square**, in an open, fair manner; honestly, or upon honor. [Obs. or Colloq.] --

**On**, or **Upon**, **the square with**, upon equality with; even with. *Nares.* --

**To be all squares**, to be all settled. [Colloq.] *Dickens.* --

**To be at square**, to be in a state of quarreling. [Obs.] *Nares.* --

**To break no square**, to give no offense; to make no difference. [Obs.] --

**To break squares**, to depart from an accustomed order. --

**To see how the squares go**, to see how the game proceeds; -- a phrase taken from the game of chess, the chessboard being formed with squares. [Obs.] *L'Estrange.*

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**Square** (?), a.

**1.** (Geom.)

Having four equal sides and four right angles; as, a *square* figure.

**2.**

Forming a right angle; as, a *square* corner.

**3.**

Having a shape broad for the height, with rectilineal and angular rather than curving outlines; as, a man of a *square* frame.

**4.**

Exactly suitable or correspondent; true; just.

She's a most truimphant lady, if report be *square* to her.

*Shak.*

**5.**

Rendering equal justice; exact; fair; honest, as *square* dealing.

**6.**

Even; leaving no balance; as, to make or leave the accounts *square*.

**7.**

Leaving nothing; hearty; vigorous.

By Heaven, *square* eaters.

More meat, I say.

*Beau. & Fl.*

**8.** (Naut.)

At right angles with the mast or the keel, and parallel to the horizon; -- said of the yards of a square-rigged vessel when they are so braced.

⇒ *Square* is often used in self-explaining compounds or combination, as in *square*-built, *square*-cornered, *square*-cut, *square*-nosed, etc.

**Square foot**, an area equal to that of a square the sides of which are twelwe inches; 144 square inches. - -

**Square knot**, a knot in which the terminal and standing parts are parallel to each other; a reef knot. See *Illust.* under Knot. --

**Square measure**, the measure of a superficies or surface which depends on the length and breadth taken conjointly. The units of square measure are squares whose sides are the linear measures; as, *square* inches, *square* feet, *square* meters, etc. --

**Square number**. See square, n., 6. --

**Square root of a number** or **quantity** (Math.), that number or quantity which, multiplied by itself produces the given number or quantity. --

**Square sail** (Naut.), a four-sided sail extended upon a yard suspended by the middle; sometimes, the foresail of a schooner set upon a yard; also, a cutter's or sloop's sail boomed out. See *Illust.* of Sail. --

**Square stern** (Naut.), a stern having a transom and joining the counter timbers at an angle, as distinguished from a *round stern*, which has no transom. --

**Three-square**, **Five- square**, etc., having three, five, etc., equal sides; as, a *three-square* file. --

**To get square with**, to get even with; to pay off. [Colloq.]

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**Square**, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Squared (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Squaring.] [Cf. OF. *escarrer*, *esquarrer*. See Square, n.]

**1.**

To form with four sides and four right angles. *Spenser.*

**2.**

To form with right angles and straight lines, or flat surfaces; as, to *square* mason's work.

**3.**

To compare with, or reduce to, any given measure or standard. *Shak.*

**4.**

To adjust; to regulate; to mold; to shape; to fit; as, to *square* our actions by the opinions of others.

*Square* my trial

To my proportioned strength.

*Milton.*

**5.**

To make even, so as leave no remainder of difference; to balance; as, to *square* accounts.

**6.** (Math.)

To multiply by itself; as, to *square* a number or a quantity.

**7.** (Astrol.)

To hold a quartile position respecting.

The icy Goat and Crab that *square* the Scales.

*Creech.*

**8.** (Naut.)

To place at right angles with the keel; as, to *square* the yards.

**To square one's shoulders**, to raise the shoulders so as to give them a square appearance, -- a movement expressing contempt or dislike. *Sir W. Scott.* --

**To square the circle** (Math.), to determine the exact contents of a circle in square measure. The solution of this famous problem is now generally admitted to be impossible.

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**Square**, v. i.

**1.**

To accord or agree exactly; to be consistent with; to conform or agree; to suit; to fit.

No works shall find acceptamce . . .

That *square* not truly with the Scripture plan.

*Cowper.*

**2.**

To go to opposite sides; to take an attitude of offense or defense, or of defiance; to quarrel. [Obs.]

Are you such fools

To *square* for this?

*Shak.*

**3.**

To take a boxing attitude; -- often with *up*, sometimes with *off*. [Colloq.] *Dickens.*

© Webster 1913