Large, diverse South Asian country bordering Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Burma and the Indian Ocean (hence the ocean's name). Partially or completely British-controlled from the 1600s until 1947 -- at the time of independence Pakistan was partitioned from India out of the British-controlled area because of religious differences. (And decades later Pakistan split into the current country of that name and what is now Bangladesh, on the other side of the modern country of India.) There are still border disputes and other conflicts between the India and Pakistan.