The highest peak in Australia, standing at 2228 metres above sea level.

It was discovered in 1839 by Polish explorer Count Strzelecki after he crossed the Australian Alps. Strzelecki was the first man to climb the mountain and named it after a Polish democratic political leader, Tadeusz Kosciuszko.

Strzelecki misspelt the Kosciuszko's name as "Kosciusko" and so the mountain was spelt the same way. It was not until March 1997 that the Geographical Names Board announced that the mountain and surrounding national park of the same name would now be spelt with a "z" -- Kosciuszko (pronounced kozz-ee-OSS-koe).