Oh, but there's so much more! Gauss devised

Gauss' Theorem in

vector calculus, which says the

integral of a

vector field over a volume is equal to the integral of the outward flowing normal component of the vector field over the surface area enclosing the volume, it's application to

electrostatics,

Gauss' Law, which says the

electric field normal to the surfaces of an enclosed area is equal to the total charge in that area, the

Gaussian Distribution, which is the 'natural' and easiest to work with

probability distribution, and

Gauss' Formula, which gives a quick formula for summing all of the

integers in a given interval.

Regarding the latter, by far the most mundane of these discoveries, there is an interesting story. When Gauss was a small boy his mathematics teacher decided to punish him and his rowdy classmates by making them add all the numbers from 1 to 100. A minute later the young Gauss said 'finished!' The teacher was stunned. While all the other students were busy with long columns of addition, Gauss had given the problem some thought and come up with his formula. He was obviously gifted.