(So named (Greek nitron, niter + French -gène, -gen) in 1790 by J. A. Chaptal, because niter resulted when it was sparked with oxygen in the presence of potassium hydroxide) A colorless, tasteless, odorless gaseous chemical element forming nearly four fifths of the atmosphere. It is a component of all proteins and nucleic acids.

Symbol: N
Atomic number: 7
Atomic weight: 14.00674
Density (at 0°C with 101,325 pascals): 1.2506 g/L
Melting point: -209.86°C
Boiling point: -195.79°C
Valence: -3, +3, +5
Ground state electron configuration: [He]2s22p3