Stand"ard (?), n. [OF. estendart, F. 'etendard, probably fr. L. extendere to spread out, extend, but influenced by E. stand. See Extend.]
A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other ensign.
His armies, in the following day,
On those fair plains their standards proud display.
That which is established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; esp., the original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.
That which is established as a rule or model by authority, custom, or general consent; criterion; test.
The court, which used to be the standard of property and correctness of speech.
A disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve, taken together, would be my standard of a statesman.
The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established by authority.
By the present standard of the coinage, sixty-two shillings is coined out of one pound weight of silver.
A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.
In France part of their gardens is laid out for flowers, others for fruits; some standards, some against walls.
Sir W. Temple.
The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.
7. Mech. & Carp.
An upright support, as one of the poles of a scaffold; any upright in framing.
An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.
The sheth of a plow.
A large drinking cup.
Standard bearer, an officer of an army, company, or troop, who bears a standard; -- commonly called color sergeantor color bearer; hence, the leader of any organization; as, the standard bearer of a political party.
© Webster 1913.
Being, affording, or according with, a standard for comparison and judgment; as, standard time; standard weights and measures; a standard authority as to nautical terms; standard gold or silver.
Hence: Having a recognized and permanent value; as, standard works in history; standard authors.
3. Hort. (a)
Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall; as, standard fruit trees.
Not of the dwarf kind; as, a standard pear tree.
Standard candle, Standard gauge. See under Candle, and Gauge. -- Standard solution. Chem. See Standardized solution, under Solution.
© Webster 1913.