Sham (?), n. [Originally the same word as shame, hence, a disgrace, a trick. See Shame, n.]


That which deceives expectation; any trick, fraud, or device that deludes and disappoint; a make-believe; delusion; imposture, humbug.

"A mere sham."

Bp. Stillingfleet.

Believe who will the solemn sham, not I. Addison.


A false front, or removable ornamental covering.

Pillow sham, a covering to be laid on a pillow.


© Webster 1913.

Sham, a.

False; counterfeit; pretended; feigned; unreal; as, a sham fight.

They scorned the sham independence proffered to them by the Athenians. Jowett (Thucyd)


© Webster 1913.

Sham, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Shammed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Shamming.]


To trick; to cheat; to deceive or delude with false pretenses.

Fooled and shammed into a conviction. L'Estrange.


To obtrude by fraud or imposition.


We must have a care that we do not . . . sham fallacies upon the world for current reason. L'Estrange.


To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign.

To sham Abram or Abraham, to feign sickness; to malinger. Hence a malingerer is called, in sailors' cant, Sham Abram, or Sham Abraham.


© Webster 1913.

Sham, v. i.

To make false pretenses; to deceive; to feign; to impose.

Wondering . . . whether those who lectured him were such fools as they professed to be, or were only shamming. Macaulay.


© Webster 1913.

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