n-dimensional space:
R = R^1 := the set of all real numbers.
R^(n+1) := R*R^n for all positive natural numbers n, where * is the cartesian product operator.

One thing to note is that by this definition, the set R^3 actually consists of an ordered pair, the first element of which is a real number, and the second element of which is an element of R^2 (i.e., an ordered pair of real numbers). Thus, an element of R^3 would be of the form (a,(b,c)). For convenience, however, we allow this to be written instead as an ordered triple, (a,b,c), and analagously for further dimensions.
Thanks to ariels for pointing this out.

Log in or register to write something here or to contact authors.