An UNIX administrative command for making filesystems on new partitions (or in case you want to get rid of the old partition's contents).

In Linux, this is actually a facade for programs to create specific types of filesystems; For example, mke2fs will create ext2 filesystem, and mkfs.minix will create Minix filesystem.

Example (in Linux):

mkfs -t ext2 /dev/sda0

(Will make an ext2 filesystem on the first SCSI hard disk's first partition.)

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