Also written (and pronounced) koppie
, a kopje is a small hill
, technically known as an inselberg
. It is a Dutch
word adapted into Afrikaans
to describe the terrain of the veld
. It is a diminutive
of the word kop
, which means simply "hill
Typically, it can only be used to describe rocky landforms found around deserts. It is made up of aged granite which has eroded into rough surfaces.
A kopje often has vegetation and wildlife that one would not find in the surrounding desert or plains, as it provides protection from the sun, and from flooding.
Rudyard Kipling wrote a poem called Two Kopjes.