In the game of Chess, a fianchetto is a defensive arrangement of one bishop and three pawns. The bishop sits on the second row of the board, and has a pawn to its left and right, as well as a pawn in front.

For example: If at the beginning of the game you move the Queen's Knight pawn forward one space, and in the next turn move your Queen's bishop into the space the pawn vacated, your bishop is considered to be in a fianchetto position.

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