In chess, an "advantage" refers to a situation in which one player is in a stronger position compared to the other player. A player with a slight advantage is said to be "better." A player with an extremely large advantage, or multiple types of advantage, is said to be "winning." Advantages in chess can and often are measured in approximate pawn equivalents.

There are three main types of advantages:

1. Material advantage - this refers to one player having more and/or better pieces than the other player.

2. Positional advantage - this refers to one player having their pieces placed in a better position or formation compared to the other player.

3. Tempo advantage - this refers to one player having the initiative and thus being able to dictate the pace and nature of play.

Ad*van"tage (?; 61, 48), n. [OE. avantage, avauntage, F. avantage, fr. avant before. See Advance, and cf. Vantage.]

1.

Any condition, circumstance, opportunity, or means, particularly favorable to success, or to any desired end; benefit; as, the enemy had the advantage of a more elevated position.

Give me advantage of some brief discourse. Shak.

The advantages of a close alliance. Macaulay.

2.

Superiority; mastery; -- with of or over.

Lest Satan should get an advantage of us. 2 Cor. ii. 11.

3.

Superiority of state, or that which gives it; benefit; gain; profit; as, the advantage of a good constitution.

4.

Interest of money; increase; overplus (as the thirteenth in the baker's dozen).

[Obs.]

And with advantage means to pay thy love. Shak.

Advantage ground, vantage ground. [R.] Clarendon. -- To have the advantage of (any one), to have a personal knowledge of one who does not have a reciprocal knowledge. "You have the advantage of me; I don't remember ever to have had the honor." Sheridan. -- To take advantage of, to profit by; (often used in a bad sense) to overreach, to outwit.

Syn. -- Advantage, Advantageous, Benefit, Beneficial. We speak of a thing as a benefit, or as beneficial, when it is simply productive of good; as, the benefits of early discipline; the beneficial effects of adversity. We speak of a thing as an advantage, or as advantageous, when it affords us the means of getting forward, and places us on a "vantage ground" for further effort. Hence, there is a difference between the benefits and the advantages of early education; between a beneficial and an advantageous investment of money.

 

© Webster 1913.


Ad*van"tage, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advantaged (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Advantaging (#).] [F. avantager, fr. avantage. See Advance.]

To give an advantage to; to further; to promote; to benefit; to profit.

The truth is, the archbishop's own stiffness and averseness to comply with the court designs, advantaged his adversaries against him. Fuller.

What is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole world, and lose himself, or be cast away? Luke ix. 25.

To advantage one's self of, to avail one's self of. [Obs.]

 

© Webster 1913.

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