A hero published by Marvel Comics
. Professor X
by Stan Lee
and Jack Kirby
and first published in Uncanny X-Men #1
Charles Francis Xavier was the only son of Brian Xavier,
a nuclear research scientist and his wife Sharon. Brian died
while Charles was still a young boy and Sharon eventually married
Brian's colleague, Kurt Marko. Marko also had a son from a
previous marriage named Cain, and as the older step-brother, Cain
made Charles life miserable. While still a child, Charles discovered that he was a mutant and
possessed the ability to read minds. Charles spent years learning
to control his abilities and did not use them for his own gain, but
used them in benevolent ways.
While at Oxford University, Charles met and fell in love with
a fellow student named Moira McTaggert. The two were engaged to
be married, when Xavier was called into service as a soldier in
Asia, so the marriage arrangements were put on hold. Xavier and
his step-brother Cain were put in the same unit, so Xavier was there
on the day that Cain broke into an ancient temple and discovered the
mystic artifact called the Ruby of Cyttorak. By touching it,
Cain Marko was endowed with the mystic power of the ruby and
became the unstoppable Juggernaut. Xavier and Marko were separated
by a cave-in and Xavier escaped.
Upon being released from service, Xavier found that McTaggert had
broken off their engagement without reason. Saddened by the news,
Xavier decided to travel for a while to take his mind off his personal
problems. While traveling in Cairo, Xavier encountered his first
fellow mutant, an evil man named Amahl Farouk. Farouk was a mutant
of great telepathic ability and fought Xavier in the astral realm.
Though the Farouk was more experienced in battle, Xavier was able to
defeat him. Through this experience, Xavier came to realize that
there were those who would not be as selfless as he with their powers
and decided that he would use his powers to oppose those who would
exploit their abilities for evil purpose.
From Cairo, Xavier traveled to Israel, where he met two people that
would have a huge impact on his life. The first was Gabrielle
Haller, a woman with whom Xavier had an affair which produced a
son David. Xavier did not know of the child for many years. The
other person was a fellow mutant name Erik Magnus Lehnsherr. The
two became fast friends, but differed on the how mutants should act
in the world. Lehnsherr believed that mutants should use their
abilities to seize their rightful place as the dominant species
over normal humans, while Xavier believed in a philosophy of peaceful
coexistence. The difference between these two philosophies would
be the basis for years of conflict between Xavier and those who followed
him and Lehnsherr who adopted the name Magneto and those who
Xavier soon found himself defending humanity from an attack from
an extraterrestrial menace. An alien who called Lucifer was
attempting to invade the Earth, but his efforts were thwarted by
Xavier's vast mental powers. The fleeing alien struck back on
Xavier by dropping a large stone upon him. Xavier's resulting
injuries crippled him and confined him to a wheelchair.
Xavier returned to the United States and decided to use his abilities
to train mutants in the use of their powers. His first student was
a young girl named Jean Grey whose mutant powers were jumpstarted
when she was still a child, when she experienced telepathically the
death of one of her friends. Xavier was able to use his telepathy
to heal Grey's mind and then block her abilities until she was old enough
to control them.
Setting up a school in his home in Westchester, New York, Xavier began
to collect young mutants who needed help controlling their abilities.
The original five became known as the X-Men and served to further
Xavier's dream of peaceful co-existence between humans and mutants
often times by opposing mutants who attempted to use their powers
for evil. Xavier often coordinated the X-Men by using his powers
to direct the team from afar. It was at this time that he took the
codename Professor X.
Soon, Xavier found evidence of another invasion from space and
decided that he needed time away from his students to prepare
to repel the invaders. He approached a mutant codenamed the
Changeling about taking his place for a time. The Changeling
agreed, but soon after switching places, the Changeling was killed
in battle, leaving the X-Men to believe that Xavier had been killed.
Xavier later revealed the ruse to his students, who were quick to
forgive him, when they found out the reason why.
After the original X-Men disappeared, Xavier used his mutant detecting
computer Cerebro to locate a new group of mutants to assist him
in finding his lost students. This new group soon became his students
and the new X-Men. He helped to train them for a time, but soon
believed that he was losing his mind as he began to have visions of
an alien woman. The woman turned out to be the leader of the
Sh'iar empire, Lilandra, who came to Xavier hoping that he and
his students could assist her in defeating her mad brother D'Ken.
Xavier and the X-Men assisted her in stopping him and Xavier spent
some time with Lilandra and was named her consort.
When the X-Men were off world and believed killed, Xavier began
to train a new group of mutants who he named the New Mutants. These
younger students stayed on even after the X-Men returned to Earth.
It was during this time that it was revealed that the alien species
the Brood had implanted Xavier with an egg. With the help of
Lilandra and the medical equipment supplied by the Starjammers,
Xavier's mind was transferred into a cloned body which was younger
and did not possess the injuries of his older body and so therefore,
Xavier took a more active role in the X-Men's missions for a time,
but a series of events took a mental and physical toll on the mutant
leader. He was taken by Lilandra and the Starjammers back into
space and spent some time recuperating with them. Upon his return,
Xavier fought his old foe Amahl Farouk the Shadow King and during
the resulting battle, Xavier again sustained injuries that caused
him to lose the use of his legs.
Over the next couple of years, Xavier again lead the X-Men, but after
an episode in which Xavier used his mutant abilities to shut down
the mind of Magneto, Xavier found that he was losing control of
his abilities. The contact with Magneto's mind caused Xavier to
manifest all of the evil impulses within him into a being constructed
of mental energy called Onslaught. Onslaught was eventually defeated
by the combined efforts of the Avengers, Fantastic Four, and
X-Men with the victory seemingly costing the world the lives of
the Avengers and Fantastic Four.
Because of his involvement in the creation of Onslaught, Xavier
was taken into federal custody and came into the hands of the
Master Mold-reborn, Bastion. Xavier was able to hide that
he still possessed his mutant powers, but he disappeared for a time
and eventually returned to the X-Men in time to help defeat his
creation Cerebro. Xavier has lately announced to the world his identity as a mutant
and heads the cause of mutants world wide.
In the film version of the X-Men, Xavier was portrayed by