A city of the ancient world that served as the capital of the Assyrian Empire
. It prospered and fared rather well when Assyria
experienced a boom of power in the seventh century B.C.E., but it was destroyed by the Babylonians
in 612 B.C.E.
It figures into several stories from the Bible
, among the most famed being that of Jonah
and the one about The Destruction of Sennacherib